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Factors that affect female fertility

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on
female fertility

Family planning is an essential aspect of life as a couple, and it can sometimes become a stressful topic when planning a pregnancy. Gynecologists agree that, unless there is a previous history of fertilization problems, you should try for at least 12 months to have a natural pregnancy before going to a specialist or considering fertility problems.

Despite this, certain conditions can hinder a rapid gestation or interfere with an adequate level of fertility. Do you know what they are? In this FastlyHealarticle, we reveal the factors that affect female fertility and how to deal with them.

Wait at least six months before being alarmed.

Contrary to popular belief, getting pregnant is not as simple as it sounds. The woman must have good health and be in her fertile days, and the sperm must have good mobility and health. The body temperature must be adequate. Even if all these factors are actual, the fertilized egg may not implant well, which would prevent a successful gestation.

Considering all these factors, specialists indicate that women under 35 should attempt pregnancy naturally for at least one year. At the same time, those over 35 should do so for at least six months, during which it is expected that pregnancy cannot occur.

Only when this time elapses without pregnancy is there a reason to be concerned. However, various factors affect female fertility, which can hinder a rapid pregnancy. We will detail them below.

History of specific gynecological conditions

The presence of specific gynecological conditions can significantly hinder and even prevent a natural pregnancy. If you have suffered or suffer from any of the conditions detailed below, you must consult your gynecologist informing you of your desire to become pregnant:

  • Endometriosis occurs when there is the growth of the endometrium outside the uterus. This produces menstrual irregularity, severe pain, and fertility problems.
  • Fibroids or uterine fibroids: benign tumors that grow in the uterus and that, depending on their condition, can interfere with a possible pregnancy.
  • Polycystic ovaries: the presence of cysts in the ovaries that cause irregular or absent periods, along with various discomforts. Typically, those who suffer from this condition require fertility drugs that allow them to achieve a successful pregnancy.
  • Fallopian tube obstruction occurs when one or both tubes are blocked, preventing the passage of the ovum from the ovaries to this area and preventing sperm from reaching and fertilizing it. If you only have one obstructed tube, natural pregnancy is possible, while if both are blocked, it will be impossible. Treatment alternatives depend on the case.


Having suffered from certain sexually transmitted diseases

The PID is a gynecological condition produced in most cases by a sexual type, specifically by bacteria causing gonorrhea and chlamydia. They travel to the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes, causing abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or discomfort during intercourse.

This condition does not produce clear or noticeable symptoms; however, it can cause fertilization problems. If you have ever suffered from these STDs, you should inform your gynecologist.

Have certain chronic diseases

Our general health plays an essential role in reproductive well-being; therefore, fertility could be compromised when certain chronic conditions are suffered, making it difficult to obtain a pregnancy. If you have the following diseases and want to get pregnant, consult your doctor:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid disease
  • Cancer
  • Autoimmune diseases

certain chronic diseases

Your body weight

Weight has a decisive influence on the chances of conceiving. Obese women may have lower-quality eggs and embryos and produce a more significant amount of hormones, making it difficult for them to become pregnant. If you add a sedentary lifestyle and an inadequate diet, the difficulties increase.

On the other hand, those women with 25% less than the weight they should have, that is, very thin for their build, may also have fertility problems. Extreme thinness can produce alterations in the menstrual cycle, also affecting ovulation. Having an adequate and healthy weight is the best way to combat these problems that can affect fertility.

Your body weight

Have some bad habits

Good general health is essential to have a healthy menstrual cycle to facilitate pregnancy; we have certain harmful habits that significantly slow natural fertilization, affecting her.

Various studies show that frequent or excessive intake of the following substances affects fertility:

  • More than three cups a day, caffeine can even cause abortions and cause low weight in the fetus. It is recommended to delete it if you are looking to get pregnant.
  • Smoking reduces the possibility of pregnancy by up to 13%, according to the North American Society of Medicine, also affects the health of the fetus.
  • Alcohol is recommended not to ingest in large quantities if you are trying to get pregnant.

Because you will need to give up these habits when you are pregnant, many doctors recommend giving them up during the search phase to make it easier.

Bad habits

And, of course, the age.

After 35, we know that a woman’s fertility decreases, a condition that increases when the fourth decade is reached. Additionally, many women can present conditions such as early menopause, which would prevent pregnancy naturally.

Suppose you are over 35 years old and have naturally tried to get pregnant for more than six months. In that case, it is recommended to visit a gynecologist to rule out the presence of any condition that may make pregnancy difficult.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Factors that affect female fertility, we recommend that you enter our category of the Female reproductive system.

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