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Kidneys and Urinary System

by Alivia Nyhan

The kidneys play an important role in the body by filtering the blood and removing waste products from the body. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs in the middle of the back, just below the ribs. The left kidney is slightly larger than the right kidney. The ureters are thin tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The bladder is a muscular sac that stores urine until it is ready to be excreted. The urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

Some Kidneys and Urinary related issues you may see:

Nephrotic syndrome: Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that results in the loss of protein in the urine. Protein is important for keeping the body’s fluid balance, and when it is lost in the urine, it can cause the body to become dehydrated.

Metabolic acidosis: Metabolic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces too much acid or when the kidneys are unable to remove acid from the body. This can lead to kidney damage and other health problems.

High creatinine: High creatinine levels are a red flag for kidney disease. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood and removing toxins and waste. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, creatinine levels increase.

Low creatinine: Low creatinine levels in the blood is often an indicator of good kidney function. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood and removing waste products, so when they are functioning properly, creatinine levels will be low.

Kidney Cancer: Kidney cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer, and it can be quite difficult to treat. The kidneys are important organs that help to filter the blood and remove toxins from the body.

Bladder Cancer: Bladder Cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in men and the eighth most common type in women. It is more common in older adults, with most cases diagnosed in people aged 65 or over.

Overactive bladder: If you have an overactive bladder, you may feel a strong urge to urinate more often than normal, and you may leak urine when you do not make it to the bathroom in time.

Kidney failure: Diet for kidney failure patients is generally low in protein and phosphorus. Patients with kidney failure need to limit their intake of these nutrients because they can no longer filter them out effectively. Forbidden foods for kidney failure patients are those high in sodium, potassium, and phosphorus.

Polycystic kidneys: Polycystic kidneys are a type of kidney disease that is characterized by the formation of cystitis in the kidneys. The kidney cysts are filled with fluid and can grow to a large size.

Nephritis: Nephritis is an inflammation of the kidneys that can lead to kidney damage and failure. The most common cause of nephritis is a viral infection, but it can also be caused by a bacterial infection, a reaction to a medication, or an autoimmune disease.

COPD: COPD can also cause problems with the kidneys and urinary system. Kidney function may decline, and people with COPD may have an increased risk for urinary tract infections.

Urethritis: Urethritis is a condition that can occur in both men and women and is caused by bacteria entering the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

Adrenal gland cancer: Adrenal gland cancer can also spread to the kidneys and urinary system, which can then lead to problems with kidney function. The most common symptom of adrenal gland cancer that has spread to the kidneys is pain in the abdomen or back.

Acute pyelonephritis: Acute pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidneys that most commonly affects women and children. The infection is usually the result of bacteria that have ascended from the bladder to the kidneys.

Kidney stones: kidney stones are a common problem in the urinary system. They are caused by a build-up of minerals in the body and can be very painful. If you have kidney stones, you may need to see a doctor to have them removed.

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