Viral infections are serious business. If you come down with a viral infection, it’s important to see a doctor right away. Viral infections can cause a lot of damage to your body if left untreated, so it’s best to nip them in the bud as soon as possible.
Types of viral infections
Types of viral infections include the common cold, influenza, and COVID-19. Viruses are tiny infectious particles that can cause a wide range of illnesses, from the common cold to more serious diseases such as influenza, West Nile virus, and COVID-19. Some viruses can cause more serious illnesses such as meningitis, encephalitis, or even death.
The most common way to contract a viral infection is through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva, mucus, or blood, from an infected person. You can also get a viral infection from touching an object that an infected person has touched, and then touching your own eyes, nose, or mouth. Some viruses can also be spread through the air, such as the flu virus.
Coxsackie virus infection: Coxsackie virus infection is the most common viral infection in children. It is usually a mild illness, but can sometimes lead to more serious problems such as meningitis.
Parvovirus B19: Parvovirus B19 is a virus that can cause a number of different infections, including the Fifth Disease, which is a common childhood illness. This virus is spread through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva, mucus, or blood, from an infected person.
Rabies: Rabies is a viral infection that affects the brain and spinal cord. It is usually transmitted through the bite of an infected animal, but can also be transmitted through contact with infected saliva or tissue.
Zika virus: Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus linked to severe birth defects. The virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. Zika virus can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus.
Herpangina in adults: Herpangina in adults is a viral infection that commonly affects the back of the throat and the roof of the mouth. The most common symptom is a sudden onset of fever, followed by the appearance of small, red bumps on the back of the throat and roof of the mouth.
Herpes in the nose: Herpes in the nose is a viral infection. It’s usually caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), the same virus that causes cold sores. Herpes in the nose is also known as ocular herpes, and it can cause some serious complications.
Poliomyelitis: Poliomyelitis is caused by the poliovirus and is a highly contagious viral infection that can lead to paralysis. The virus is typically spread through contact with contaminated feces.
Treatment of viral infections
Treatment of viral infections typically involves rest, increased fluid intake, and over-the-counter pain relievers. In more severe cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed. Prevention of viral infections includes washing hands regularly and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.