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Genetic disorders

by Alivia Nyhan

What are genetic disorders?

A genetic disorder is caused by an abnormality in an individual’s genome. Most genetic disorders are caused by a mutation in a single gene. These disorders can be passed down from parent to child.

What are common genetic disorders?

There are many different types of genetic disorders, but some of the more common ones include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, and Tay-Sachs disease. These disorders are caused by mutations in genes passed down from parents to their children. Some other Genetic disorders are listed below:

Turner syndrome: Turner syndrome is a very rare chromosomal disorder that affects a person’s sex chromosomes. Turner syndrome is caused by missing or extra pieces of DNA on a person’s sex chromosomes. Turner syndrome is often an inherited disorder.

Rett syndrome: Rett syndrome is a neuro-developmental disorder that affects about one in every 10,000 girls worldwide. It is characterized by early-onset, progressive loss of motor skills, intellectual disability, and speech and language delays.

Patau syndrome: (PATUA SYNDROME) (also known as Oculo-auricula-vertebral spectrum) is a genetic disease caused by dystrophic dystrophin (DABN) gene defect which affects several parts of the body, including the eye, ear, spinal cord, and muscles.

Noonan syndrome: Noonan syndrome (NS) is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the PAX9 gene. NS causes abnormalities in growth and development, such as short stature, minor facial abnormalities, and delayed sexual maturity.

Marfan syndrome: Marfan syndrome can cause problems in the heart, blood vessels, bones, joints, and lungs. People with Marfan syndrome usually have tall, thin bodies and long arms and legs.

Edwards syndrome: Edwards syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 18 in a person’s cells. This disorder is characterized by a variety of physical and developmental abnormalities.

Down syndrome: Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder, and it can lead to a variety of health and developmental problems. There are a number of other genetic disorders that can cause similar problems, and many of them are much rarer than Down syndrome. It is important to get an early diagnosis for Down syndrome so you can get the proper care for your child. There are many resources available to help you care for your child with Down syndrome.

Bloom syndrome: Bloom syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, a sun-sensitive rash, and impaired intellectual development. There are several different types of genetic disorders, but they all have one thing in common: they are caused by an error in the genetic code.

Angelman syndrome: Angelman syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by severe intellectual and developmental disability, sleep disorders, and problems with movement and balance.

Cleft palate: Cleft palate occurs when the roof of the mouth does not close properly, and the cleft lip occurs when the upper lip does not close properly. These disorders can cause feeding and speech problems and social and emotional problems.

Wilson disease: Wilson disease is a disorder that is passed down in families. It is a disorder of the liver and brain. People with Wilson’s disease cannot get rid of copper in their bodies.

Congenital heart disease: The symptoms of congenital heart disease can range from mild to life-threatening, and the severity of the condition can vary from person to person. Treatment for congenital heart disease may involve surgery, medication, or lifestyle changes.

What are the causes of genetic disorders?

There are many possible causes of genetic disorders, including problems with the way a cell functions, changes in the structure of a gene, or an abnormality in the number of chromosomes.

What are the symptoms of genetic disorders?

There are a variety of symptoms that can be associated with genetic disorders. Some common symptoms include birth defects, developmental delays, and physical abnormalities. Symptoms can vary greatly from one individual to the next, and even between different members of the same family. In some cases, symptoms may not be apparent until later in life.

How are genetic disorders identified?

There are a number of ways that genetic disorders can be identified. One way is through a family history of the disorder. If there is a family history of a genetic disorder, it is more likely that a person will have the disorder. Another way to identify a genetic disorder is through a physical examination. If a person has physical characteristics associated with a genetic disorder, they may be diagnosed with the disorder. Finally, genetic testing can be used to identify a genetic disorder. Genetic testing can be used to look for changes in a person’s DNA that are associated with a particular disorder.