Fractures occur when the force exerted on a bone is more robust than the bone can structurally withstand. The bone breaks due to this force, and the break may be either complete or incomplete. A complete break is one in which the bone is completely broken through, while an incomplete break leaves the bone partially attached.
What is a bone fracture?
A bone fracture is a break in the bone. There are many fractures, but a stress fracture is the most common. Stress fractures are caused by repetitive stress on the bone, such as from running. They can also be caused by a single traumatic event, such as a fall. Symptoms of a bone fracture include pain, swelling, and bruising. If you think you have a bone fracture, it is essential to see a doctor right away.
What types of bone fractures are there?
There are many types of bone fractures, but the most common are:
-Stress fractures are caused by overuse or repetitive motion.
-Compression fractures occur when the bone is compressed.
-Weakened bones cause osteoporotic fractures.
-Hairline fractures are tiny cracks in the bone.
-Greenstick fractures occur when the bone is bent
Clavicle Fracture: A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone, which is the bone that runs from the shoulder to the breastbone. A broken collarbone is a common injury, especially in young athletes. The most common cause of a clavicle fracture is a direct shoulder blow, such as a fall or car accident.
Colles fracture: Colles fracture is the most common type in people over 60. This type of fracture is caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand. The wrist bends backward, and the fall’s force shatters the forearm bones.
Boxer’s fracture: Boxer’s fracture is a break of the 5th metacarpal bone in the hand. The break usually occurs at the neck of the metacarpal, where it intersects with the knuckle. A boxer’s fracture is also commonly referred to as a metacarpal fracture.
What causes broken bones?
There are many reasons why bones can break. A break can occur from an injury, such as a fall, or the force of a moving object, like a car accident. Sometimes, bones can break because of a disease, like osteoporosis, which weakens the bone and makes it more likely to break.
What symptoms do bone fractures have?
Different types of fractures have different symptoms, but some common symptoms of fractures are pain, swelling, and bruising. You may also see a deformity or an open wound if the bone has broken through the skin. Fractures can also cause numbness, tingling, or weakness if they damage the nerves around the injury site.
What broken bone treatments are there?
There are a few different ways to treat a broken bone, depending on the severity of the break. The bone may be set in a cast for a simple break to immobilize it while it heals. More severe breaks may require surgery to align and stabilize the bone. In some cases, metal plates, rods, or screws may hold the bone in place.
Some exercises for fractures:
Humerus fracture: Exercises for humerus fracture rehabilitation include a range of motion and stretching exercises to help regain movement in the arm. They also include strength training exercises to help the muscles support the arm’s weight.
Wrist fracture: Exercises for wrist fracture rehabilitation typically focus on regaining movement and strength in the wrist and hand. A physical or occupational therapist will work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan.
Fibula fracture: Exercises for a fibula fracture typically focus on regaining range of motion in the ankle and calf. The goal is to avoid any weight bearing on the affected leg to heal properly. A physical therapist may also recommend exercises to improve flexibility and strength in the muscles and tendons around the ankle.
Scaphoid fracture: Scaphoid fracture is the most common type of wrist fracture. It occurs when you fall on an outstretched hand with the wrist bent. A fall onto a hard surface or a direct blow to the hand can also cause a scaphoid fracture.