Sleepwalking: Sleepwalking is a disorder in which people walk about in their dreams, unaware of what they are doing. These episodes of walking are called “sleepwalking episodes.”Mental disorders are health conditions characterized by changes in a person’s mood, thoughts,s or behavior. They can cause a person to feel anxious, depressed, or even psychotic. Mental disorders are often caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
What Are Mental Disorders?
Mental disorders affect a person’s mood, thinking, and behavior. They can be caused by a reaction to a stressful event, genetic factors, biochemical imbalances, or a combination of these factors. Mental disorders are common, and their prevalence is increasing. In the United States, one in five adults experiences a mental disorder in any given year.
Symptoms of Mental Disorders
Mental disorders can vary in symptoms, but some more common ones include changes in mood, thoughts, or behavior. Mood changes can include becoming more irritable, anxious, or depressed. Changes in thoughts can include having paranoid or obsessive thoughts. And changes in behavior can include withdrawing from friends or family or engaging in risky or self-destructive behaviors. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek professional help.
How Are Mental Disorders Diagnosed?
Mental disorders are diagnosed by psychiatrists and other mental health professionals using a variety of methods. The most common methods include interviewing the patient and administering psychological tests.
Different Types of Mental Disorders
Mental disorders are classified into different types, depending on the symptoms. The most common types are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and psychotic disorders. Anxiety disorders are characterized by symptoms of anxiety and fear. Common anxiety disorders include social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. Mood disorders are characterized by changes in mood.
Common mood disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder. Psychotic disorders are characterized by symptoms of psychosis, which is a break from reality. Common types of psychotic disorders include schizophrenia, delusional disorder, and schizoaffective disorder.
Deficit disorder: Deficit disorder is a mental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, and it is the most common form of mental retardation. The cause of most deficit disorders is unknown, but they are believed to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Binge eating disorder: Binge eating disorder is a mental disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by a feeling of guilt or shame. Binge eating disorder is a serious problem that can lead to obesity and other health problems.
Sleepwalking: Sleepwalking is a disorder in which people walk about in their dreams, unaware of what they are doing. These episodes of walking are called “sleepwalking episodes.”
Lewy body dementia: Lewy body dementia is the second most common type of progressive dementia after Alzheimer’s disease, and affects about 1.4 million Americans over the age of 65. Lewy body dementia is a degenerative brain disorder that leads to a decline in cognitive abilities and mobility.
Senile dementia: Senile dementia is one of the most common mental disorders in the elderly. It is a progressive disorder that leads to memory loss, confusion, and death.
Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects a person’s ability to think, manage emotions, make decisions, and relate to others. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. There are different types of schizophrenia, and the symptoms can vary from person to person.
Memory disorders: Memory disorders are one of the most prominent mental disorders in the world. They can be caused by a variety of things, including head injuries, drug and alcohol abuse, and even stress.
Bulimia nervosa: Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging. Bulimia nervosa is a serious mental disorder that can lead to physical problems such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and heart problems.
Cotard syndrome: Cotard syndrome is a rare mental disorder that causes people to believe that they are dead, or that parts of their body are missing. The disorder is named after Jules Cotard, a French neurologist who first described the condition in the late 1800s.
Vigorexia: Vigorexia is a mental disorder characterized by an obsession with muscularity and the over-exercise of muscles. Those affected by vigorexia may have a distorted view of their own body image and an excessive need to be muscular.
Hypersomnia: Symptoms of hypersomnia include sleeping for long periods of time (often more than 10 hours), difficulty waking up, and feeling groggy and exhausted during the day.