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Ear, nose and throat

by Alivia Nyhan

The ear, nose, and throat are all interconnected and work together. The nose is responsible for filtering and humidifying the air that we breathe, as well as providing a sense of smell. The throat is responsible for swallowing, breathing, and producing speech. The ears are responsible for hearing and balance.

Common Ear, Nose, and Throat Infections

The most common ear, nose, and throat infections are otitis media (middle ear infection), sinusitis (sinus infection), and pharyngitis (throat infection). Otitis media is the most common ear infection in children and is usually caused by a viral infection. Sinusitis is a common condition that occurs when the sinuses become inflamed. Pharyngitis is a common throat infection usually caused by a viral infection.

Common colds: Common colds are the most frequent cause of visits to an ENT specialist. During the winter months, there are an estimated 22 million colds in the United States. Common colds, allergies, and sinus infections are among the most common ear, nose, and throat problems.  Thyme infusion for colds is an old-time remedy that is still effective. To make the infusion, steep 1 teaspoon of thyme in 1 cup of boiling water for 10 minutes.  Juices to cure a cold typically have high concentrations of Vitamin C. You can also gargle with warm salt water to help relieve a sore throat. Home remedies for colds and sore throats can include gargling with warm salt water, drinking warm liquids, and humidifying the air. Ginger tea for colds is a popular home remedy. It can help to clear congestion and ease a sore throat. Some research suggests that ginger may also be effective in treating nausea.

Swollen adenoids: Swollen adenoids are a common problem in young children. The adenoids are a mass of lymph tissue located at the back of the nose, just above the roof of the mouth.

Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea in children can cause problems with the ear, nose, and throat. If your child snores, has mouth breathing, or has trouble sleeping, they may have sleep apnea.

Symptoms of Ear, Nose, and Throat Infections

The most common symptoms of an ear, nose, and throat infection are sore throat, coughing, and runny nose. Other symptoms may include fever, headache, and body aches. If you have these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor get the proper diagnosis and treatment.

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