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Cramps in the ovaries: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on
Cramps in the ovaries

Many women have felt and suffered from ovarian cramps. As we already know, the ovaries are part of women’s reproductive organs, and each one has a pair of them in the pelvic area. Their function is essential: they are responsible for producing and releasing the eggs, which are indispensable during fertilization.

Different causes can produce cramps in the ovaries: from ovulation to menstruation, they can cause the appearance of kinks and punctures in the ovaries. Their presence is widespread, although they are evidenced differently in each woman, as they can vary in intensity and the date of their appearance. In many cases, these disappear spontaneously.

If you want to delve into ovarian cramps: causes and treatment, continue reading this article from FastlyHeal.

Common causes of ovarian cramps

Many women suffer from ovarian cramps throughout their lives, and, as they come, they usually go away spontaneously. What is the cause of cramps in the lower abdomen? The most common causes of ovarian cramps may be due to the following reasons:


During this stage of the menstrual cycle, cramps in the ovaries can appear the moment the egg is released from the ovary. The egg travels through the fallopian tubes to reach the uterus. The ovary releases a liquid, along with the ovum, which can spread within the pelvic area and cause irritation and inflammation in this area and the cramps mentioned above in the ovaries.


During the first and second days of menstruation, pain and cramps in the ovaries may occur. These symptoms tend to appear even before menstruation begins.

During this cycle stage, pain is frequent due to pressure and inflammation of the reproductive organs, which will disappear as the swelling decreases.

If you have more questions about this cause, you can consult why my ovaries hurt after the rule.

Cysts in the ovary

Cysts in the ovaries are one of the most common causes of ovarian cramps. The appearance of these cysts may be due to disorders of female sex hormones, which generate high levels of androgens in women.

This results in ovarian cysts and menstrual disorders that can lead to its absence because the eggs in a mature state cannot be released naturally.

More information on the reasons for punctures in the ovaries in the article Punctures in the ovaries: causes.

Other causes of ovarian cramps

In addition to knowing the most frequent and common causes of cramps in the lower abdomen, some women suffer from these punctures in the ovaries for other reasons, such as those listed below:

Ectopic pregnancy

This type of pregnancy occurs outside the uterus, often in one of the fallopian tubes. This causes pain and cramps in the ovaries and pelvic region. She must be treated in an emergency in a health center.

You can learn more about this type of pregnancy in Ectopic pregnancy: symptoms, causes, and treatment.


This alteration is characterized by the growth of endometrial cells outside the uterus, such as the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, or the bladder, which causes the formation of small bleeding lumps, generating the appearance of cramps in the ovaries constantly.

In addition to this, there may be pain during sexual intercourse, during urination, or when having a bowel movement and general discomfort, intermittent bleeding, and vomiting. This disease can also lead to infertility once it appears.

If you are looking for complete information on this cause, you can consult Endometriosis: symptoms, types, and treatments.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

This cause of ovarian cramps is an infectious process that affects the female sexual organs: the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and vagina.

These punctures and cramps are caused, in the vast majority of cases, by sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Also, this disease can compromise a woman’s fertility.

Ovarian cancer

Among the signs that cause ovarian cancer are cramped in the ovaries. At the same time, other symptoms that may occur are:

  • Inflammation of the abdomen.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Enlargement of the ovaries.

Cramps in the ovaries without periods, could it be pregnancy?

Ovarian cramps are expected during the first weeks of pregnancy, specifically from week 8.

These pains and cramps in the lower abdomen are mild and pass quickly. They are produced by the uterus’s movements to adapt to the changes that are beginning to occur inside. As the pregnancy progresses, these cramps will go away.

Find out more about ovarian pain without periods in the article: Why do my ovaries hurt if I do not have a period.

Treatment of cramps in the ovaries

To start treatment for ovarian cramps, you should first go to your trusted gynecologist, who will give you the correct diagnosis and indicate the treatment to follow through questions and a physical examination.

Treatment is based mainly on the intake of analgesics or anti-inflammatories that will help relieve cramps in the ovaries. These drugs should always be prescribed under the doctor’s prescription.

Oral contraceptives are other medicines used to treat and relieve cramps ovaries, especially when you have ovarian cysts. Oral contraceptives help control the imbalance of female sex hormones causing this disorder.

As we have mentioned, ovarian cramps can occur for different causes, which are very particular in each woman and, in the vast majority of cases, their presence is an alert for you to go to the gynecologist and have the correct diagnosis of whether or not you present any alteration in the organism.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Cramps in the ovaries: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Female reproductive system.

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