High blood pressure, which is medically known as hypertension, is one condition that most predisposes us to heart disease. It is often spoken of as a silent disease since it often may not present symptoms, especially when it is chronic. However, when the increase in tension occurs suddenly, it does manifest itself through changes in our body.
Since blood pressure is a warning of cardiovascular diseases, it is essential to keep in mind how our body warns us and know what to do in case our blood pressure rises. In the following FastlyHealarticle, we will talk about the rise in blood pressure: symptoms and how to lower it. You have all the necessary tools to treat this condition without going overboard.
What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is nothing more than the force that blood exerts on the walls of the arteries when it circulates through them. Generally speaking, blood pressure should be around 120/80 mm Hg for a healthy adult without any health problems. However, depending on lifestyle habits, diet, age, anxiety levels, and more factors, this tension can be altered, either increasing or decreasing.
Low blood pressure is not healthy at all; in the same way, a rise in blood pressure, what we know as hypertension, is also dangerous for our health and can even cause death or various cardiovascular accidents. From 140/90 mm Hg, the person is considered to have hypertension, and treatment should be started immediately to return it to normal. Especially relevant is when this surge in tension occurs suddenly, which can signify that something in our body is not working quite well.
That is why it is so important to know what the symptoms of a power surge are – which we will explain later – so that, once they appear, we can treat them immediately and lower those levels. It is recommended to do medical tests periodically to diagnose this condition at an early stage and prevent any of its possible complications.
In the following article, we explain the average values of blood pressure.
Causes of high blood pressure
As we have already explained previously, the increase in tension is nothing more than the increase in the force exerted by the blood on the arterial walls. However, what is causing that pressure to increase? Here we explain the leading causes of hypertension :
Blood pressure surge due to anxiety
States of anxiety and nervousness are among the leading causes of power surges. Although this can occur chronically, it is also expected that when there is a peak of stress or an episode of anxiety, blood pressure spikes due to different hormones such as cortisol that increase the heart rate and blood vessels constrict.
When we suffer an injury, and acute pain appears suddenly, it is widespread for the body to respond by raising blood pressure and the frequency of the heartbeat.
It is pretty standard for women to experience high blood pressure in pregnancy, which the doctor must control and monitor to avoid complications such as pre-eclampsia. In most cases, this rise appears from the twentieth week of gestation and has its origin in the usual fluid retention caused by the pregnancy itself.
Diet rich in salt
When blood pressure is high in a healthy body, some baroreceptors are located in the aorta artery, which signals brain neurons to produce vasopressin, a substance that readjusts pressure levels. However, a diet rich in salt makes this body mechanism lose its effect, preventing regulation and triggering stress levels.
Obesity and being overweight is one of the leading causes of hypertension problems. This is because the lipid tissue clogs the blood vessels causing insufficient blood to reach the heart. Consequently, the heart has to do more work, increasing the heart rate and the force it pumps, causing the tension to rise.
Like the vast majority of the functions and conditions of our body, the genetic factor is of great importance. That is why those who have cases of hypertension or cardiovascular problems in their family may be more likely to suffer from power surges.
Beyond those that we have explained to you, more causes can cause a power surge:
- Hormonal disorders and thyroid problems.
- Consuming too much caffeine
- Medication intake.
- Kidney diseases.
Power surge: symptoms
Hypertension, if not too high and chronic, may not cause symptoms. It is so important to have regular tests to monitor your blood pressure. However, when there is a sudden rise in tension, many symptoms appear that warn of this condition. We will explain them to you below:
- Excessive sweating
- Shortness of breath and shortness of breath
- Incrise of cardiac frecuency
- Dizziness and even fainting
- Lethargy and excessive sleep
- Blurry vision
- Nasal bleeding
- Lack of concentration
- Ringing in the ears
- Nausea and vomiting
How to lower the tension fast
In the face of a sudden power surge, it is essential to lower it urgently to avoid any complications that could put lives in danger. The immediate measures that you must carry out are the following:
- First of all, especially if the person is hypertensive, the pressure should be measured to know its level.
- Get into a comfortable position; it is best to lie down without finishing stretching.
- If it is cold, warm the person and put him in a warm place since cold temperatures increase tension.
- If it is boiling, shelter from the sun in a cool place.
- Breathe deeply and slowly to reduce stress.
- Take some of the infusions to lower high blood pressure.
- If the tension does not return to normal, you should go to the emergency room to the doctor.
But beyond the specific actions, it is necessary to start a treatment to prevent an episode of this type from repeating itself. First, we should try to eliminate anxiety from our lives, and for this, a good option is to practice yoga, meditation, or breathing exercises.
On the other hand, you have to watch your diet and eating habits. Banishing salt from our menus should be the first step to balancing tension and leaving out high-fat and processed products. In addition to diet, lifestyle changes should also be exercising regularly. With all this, obesity will also be treated; if it existed, it would be one of the primary triggers of blood pressure surges.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.