Sometimes the doctor tells us that he is going to measure our blood pressure but we are not sure how exactly he does it, what types of pressure are there or the optimal ranges. For this reason, it is normal for some people to ask themselves questions about it in order to better understand their state of health. For example, ask yourself what types of blood pressure are there? it is the beginning to begin to understand how pressure and tension are asked and to know and value the results. In this FastlyHealarticle we are going to tell you all these details, so if you are curious, do not stop reading.
How blood pressure is taken and calculated
Blood pressure, or the pressure that blood exerts on the arteries as it passes through them, is divided into two basic components that help us to detect what type of blood pressure the person who is being measured has. These two components are as follows:
- Systolic blood pressure: it is the pressure taken during the contraction phase of the heart and corresponds to the highest value in systole or contraction.
- Diastolic blood pressure: them at a lower pressure, taken during the relaxation phase of the heart’s pumping action.
Thus, blood pressure is defined as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure. Each of these measurements is helpful in determining what type of blood pressure the patient may have. This way, it will be much easier to deal with the type of pressure you have.
The way to measure tension and pressure is through a machine or a device called a sphygmomanometer for manual measurement of blood pressure or a digital sphygmomanometer.
Once the test has been carried out, it is necessary to know the normal values to be able to assess what type the patient is at that time. The normal values of blood pressure are between 90/60 and 130/80 mmHg . Hypertension is considered to be present when the values are higher than 140/90 mmHg and 90/60 mmHg is considered hypotension.
High blood pressure or hypertension
The voltage or high blood pressure (hypertension) is diagnosed when the blood of a patient is pressing tightly against the walls of the arteries. High blood pressure is a dangerous condition that is directly linked to heart attacks, cardiac arrhythmias , heart failure, strokes, kidney disease, and other disorders. In general, hypertension is classified according to its cause.
High blood pressure that has no known cause is called primary or essential hypertension . Between 90 and 95% of cases of high blood pressure are primary. High blood pressure that is caused by another disease or condition is known as secondary hypertension . For example, renovascular hypertension is caused by kidney disease.
The white coat hypertension is high blood pressure occurs only when it goes to the doctor. This usually occurs in response to stress associated with the site (outpatient clinics, hospitals, etc.) or with tests (blood tests, X-rays, etc.).
Low blood pressure or hypotension
On the other hand, low blood pressure (hypotension) can be diagnosed when the patient’s blood presses too little on the walls of the arteries and, therefore, the values come out low, in the range mentioned above. Hypotension is also a condition to pay attention to because not only does it cause us to be weak, but we can also feel dizzy and even pass out and become unconscious. In addition, there will be a lack of oxygen in some parts of the body since the blood does not reach all of them well to provide nutrients and oxygen.
In the same way as hypertension, there is primary or essential hypotension , which is the one that does not have another disease that causes it, but is the main condition. On the other hand, secondary hypotension , which is produced by an underlying disease, either due to the wrong use of medications, such as diuretics, or simple muscle contractures, among other problems.
In the case of carrying out some medical tests, hypotension can also occur, especially in blood draws for blood analysis, since when blood is drawn, the pressure in the arteries decreases and it is easy to get dizzy or even faint. Therefore, if we know that we are prone to this happening to us, we must warn the nurse or doctor before the extraction begins so that we can stretch with our legs slightly elevated and, thus, avoid this problem.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Types of blood pressure , we recommend that you enter our category of Blood, heart and circulation .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.