Today there are many contraceptive methods to prevent a woman from getting pregnant. In addition to the known hormonal methods that act through the release of female hormones that prevent ovulation, and therefore that the sperm can fertilize the ovum, there are the so-called non-hormonal contraceptive methods that intervene by establishing a physical barrier between the ovum and the sperm are not found and in this way fertilization and pregnancy are impossible. At FastlyHealwe, explain what these non-hormonal contraceptive methods consist of, explaining the different modalities that exist so that you have the complete information.
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Natural family planning
Before mentioning the non-hormonal contraceptives that act as a physical barrier preventing the union of the ovum with the sperm, you must know the menstrual cycle.
Ovulation occurs when an ovum is released from the ovary. After passing through the fallopian tube, it reaches the uterus where sperm can fertilize it; This detachment occurs between days 12 and 14 of the cycle. When counting the menstrual cycle, day one is considered the first day of the period or menstruation, and in a woman who has regular periods, this cycle lasts 28 days. Therefore, the fertile period will occur at the time of ovulation, being much more likely to become pregnant during these days.
Knowing this information, you should know that there is a family planning method that consists of having sex on those days of lower fertility, that is, always on the days furthest from ovulation. However, the effectiveness of this alternative depends on each woman and may not be effective if the period occurs irregularly.
The male condom is a prevalent contraceptive method that consists of a sheath made of latex, polyurethane, or animal membrane, which covers the erect penis during intercourse. Using this barrier, the sperm contained in a man’s semen cannot reach the woman’s vagina, thus preventing possible pregnancy. It is a very effective contraceptive measure, presenting an effectiveness rate of 95% and having dual functionality since, apart from avoiding fertilization, it prevents the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
The female condom is less known than the male one, but it also has a high effectiveness rate and also prevents the possibility of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. This method consists of a thin latex or polyurethane bag that covers the inside of the vagina and the external genitalia; Said bag presents two flexible rings, one that serves to insert it correctly and the other that covers the genital lips and the clitoris. The objective of this method is the same as that of a male condom, to create a barrier that prevents the sperm from reaching the egg.
The diaphragm is a circular-shaped contraceptive device placed inside the vagina before sexual intercourse, surrounding and covering the cervix. After sexual activity, it should be left in place for a few hours. This contraceptive option is usually accompanied by a cream or gel spermicide to increase effectiveness, and, unlike condoms, it does not prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
The cervical cap is a silicone device placed inside the vagina and on the cervix, preventing pregnancy by preventing the eggs from being fertilized by sperm. As with the methods explained above, a spermicidal cream or gel should be used as a companion to increase the cap’s effectiveness.
A spermicide is a chemical substance used as an additive in the different contraceptive barriers explained above, such as condoms, the diaphragm, or the cervical cap, to destroy or alter the movement of sperm.
In this way, the effectiveness of preventing fertilization is increased, thus preventing pregnancy.
Advantages of non-hormonal contraceptives
If we compare hormonal contraceptives with non-hormonal ones, we can conclude that the latter has two essential advantages:
- The condom is the only method that allows us not to get the so-called sexually transmitted diseases since these pathologies can put our health and even our lives at risk.
- The mechanism of action of non-hormonal contraceptives is based on the imposition of a physical barrier that prevents the egg-sperm union. This process does not imply any alteration in the woman’s normal cycle since there are no hormones that intervene in it, modifying ovulation.
Suppose you have any doubts about which contraceptive method is ideal so that an unwanted pregnancy does not occur. In that case, you should consult with your gynecologist so that he will advise you and propose different alternatives depending on your circumstances, such as the regularity of the menstrual cycle. , the frequency of your sexual relations or possible underlying health problems in which a contraceptive method may be contraindicated.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Non-hormonal contraceptive methods, we recommend that you enter our Sexuality category.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.