The anus is a hole located at the end of the rectum to expel feces from our body. Contrary to what is thought, various pathologies affect this area and are the most common. One of the symptoms that can occur when this occurs is a lump or nodule in the anus that is generally palpable and is usually annoying.
It is customary to be slightly alarmed; However, keep in mind that it does not have to be anything serious and will surely disappear as days go by. In this FastlyHealarticle, we explain the possible causes in the anus.
Lump in the anus from hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a condition characterized by swelling of the veins located in the anus. Generally, they appear due to abnormal pressure in the area due to constipation problems, prolonged sitting or standing in an inappropriate position, pregnancy or childbirth, diseases such as liver cirrhosis, etc. This pressure causes the tissues of the anus to increase in volume and may even bleed. Other factors such as poor diet, obesity, bad habits when going to the bathroom, such as excessive pressure when defecating, or genetics are other risk factors. Among its symptoms are the following:
- Bright red blood in the anus and on toilet paper when wiping after a bowel movement.
- Anal itching
- Pain when sitting and defecating.
- The appearance of hard and tender bumps near the anus.
The explanation is that, sometimes, hemorrhoids can descend from the inside of the anus to the outside due to the pressure in the area. When this happens, it is called an external hemorrhoidal thrombosis. It manifests itself as a lump of varying size on the margins of the anus, which is usually bothersome and sometimes painful.
Painful Lump in the anus from anorectal or perianal abscess
Another cause of a lump in the anus is an anorectal or perianal abscess. This is produced by the accumulation of pus in the anal glands. This problem usually appears as a result of the infection of an anal fissure, a small crack in the mucosa of the lower part of the rectum, due to a sexually transmitted disease, or as a result of trauma to the area. Some risk factors when it comes to suffering from this problem are the practice of anal sex, diabetes, HIV, intestinal diseases such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, and the intake of corticosteroid or chemotherapeutic drugs.
The following symptoms may occur :
- Constant swelling, hardening, and dull pain around the anus are usually more intense when you have a bowel movement.
- Swollen, red, and tender Lump in the anus or nodule painful to touch.
- Pus discharge from the rectum.
- Fever, fatigue, night sweats, and chills.
The lumps in the anus by abscesses are more common in infants and children still in diapers. This Lump is tender, swollen, and reddish and can irritate the baby because of the discomfort, but it does not usually cause significant problems.
Bulge protruding in the anus from rectal prolapse
Rectal prolapse is another condition that can answer “why do I lump my anus” is rectal prolapse. The rectum wall protrudes from the anus to the outside partially or totally, thus descending from its normal position. Its leading causes include chronic constipation and diarrhea, aging, a weakened anal sphincter, previous injuries to the anal area, damage to the nerves that control the rectal and anal muscles, or other diseases.
The symptoms of rectal prolapse vary depending on the degree of severity of the same but may include the following:
- They feel that a reddish lump in the anus protrudes outside of it. Initially, this may only be noticeable after a bowel movement, but as the prolapse progresses, it may protrude even when the person is walking or standing.
- Mucus discharge from the anus.
- Blood in the anus.
- Difficulty evacuating.
- I am feeling like not having evacuated completely.
- Heaviness in the anal area.
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Fecal incontinence
Rectal prolapse requires surgical treatment, established based on its severity and the patient’s age.
Perianal or anal fistula: Lump in the anus with pain and itching
The presence of a lump in the anus that causes pain and itching may correspond to the suffering of a perianal fistula. This refers to an abnormal duct or abscess that occurs between the anal canal and the perineal skin at the exit of the anus. This area usually fills with fluid and purulent material, leading to an infection that causes severe discomfort. Among its main symptoms are:
- Pain during defecation.
- Presence of a hard lump where the fistula is located.
- Anal irritation
- Suppuration and secretions that can stain underwear.
- Itching and stinging.
- Presence of blood in the stool.
- Fever in case of more severe infection.
This condition is usually the result of an anal abscess, but at other times it can be caused by Crohn’s disease, STDs, trauma, cancer, diabetes, hematological disorders, etc. The treatment of a perianal fistula must be surgical to drain the fluid or pus inside the fistula and proceed to its complete elimination. In the following article, we explain in more detail what are the causes, symptoms, and treatment of perianal fistula.
Lump or mass near the anus from anal cancer
Anal cancer is considered to exist when a series of malignant cells form in the area’s tissues. These do not include the outer skin around the anus but only the tissue that surrounds the opening of the anus and the anal canal within this opening. Having HIV, having multiple sexual partners, having anal sex, being over 50 years of age, suffering from frequent anal discomfort or anal fistulas, and smoking are risks. Among the symptoms of anal cancer, we find the following:
- Diarrhea, constipation, or changes in bowel habits.
- Bleeding from the anus or rectum and presence of blood in the stool.
- Pain, pressure, and itching around the anus, sometimes with discharge.
- Mass near the anus that may be felt as a lump.
- Stool thinner.
- Weight loss, fatigue, and nausea.
The symptoms are very similar to those of other diseases mentioned above, so it is best to see a doctor to do the relevant tests in their presence. With early diagnosis, most cases of anal cancer have a favorable prognosis.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Lump in the anus: causes , we recommend that you enter our category of Digestive system.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.