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Excessive sweating: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Sweating is a normal function of our body by which toxins are eliminated, and your body temperature regulates. This process can occur to a greater or lesser extent depending on each person, although excessive sweating could indicate the presence of some condition that generates it. When excess sweating occurs on the hands, feet, and armpits, it is called primary hyperhidrosis. However, there is no apparent cause in most cases that could be generating excess sweating. This condition can be a real nuisance in everyday life since sometimes the sweat is too evident, and it can make us uncomfortable in front of other people. In this FastlyHealarticle, we explain the causes and treatment of excessive sweating.

When should we worry

Sweating is a natural process necessary to eliminate toxins found in the body and regulate its body temperature. This explains why we sweat when we exercise, when we are sick, nervous, embarrassed, or exposed to high temperatures. We must be alert to sweating outside of these conditions with no apparent cause. We can differentiate two types of sweating for no apparent reason: the first is primary hyperhidrosis. When sweating occurs due to other conditions, it is known as secondary hyperhidrosis.

Primary hyperhidrosis

It is sweating that occurs in a more localized way, and its cause is unknown. This type of hyperhidrosis has been associated with hereditary causes. People with hyperhidrosis have overactive sweat glands that cause excessive sweating. This is especially accentuated when the person is nervous or excited. The problem with this situation is highlighted because the person becomes even more worried when they detect that they begin to sweat, resulting in increased sweating.

Secondary hyperhidrosis

In this case, excessive sweating is the result of a medical condition. This type of sweating can generally appear in some regions of the body. Some of the conditions that can cause this excess sweating are:

  • Acromegaly. This is a rare condition caused by too much growth hormone produced by the pituitary gland in the body. The pituitary gland is a gland in charge of controlling and producing some hormones, so the excess of any of these leads to excess sweating.
  • Anxiety . Anxiety accompanies hyperhidrosis in most cases since knowing a lot of sweating leads to the person getting nervous when he begins to sweat, falling into a vicious circle.
  • Medications or certain substances. Some medicines can cause excessive sweating, and some stimulant drinks, caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco.
  • Menopause. One of the most common symptoms of menopause is hot flashes. These hot flashes lead to excess sweating since they increase the heart rate and body temperature.
  • Hyperthyroidism. It is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroid hormone that causes nervousness, tremors in the hands, excessive sweating, restlessness, and sleep problems.
  • Parkinson’s disease. A motor system disorder can lead to increased sweating.

How to treat excessive sweating

For the comfort of people with hyperhidrosis, there are a variety of treatments, each with different degrees of effectiveness, that can solve the problem. As we will see below, they can be a temporary solution or solve the problem permanently.

  • Antiperspirants. It consists of a series of aluminum chloride hexahydrate products, which must be applied to the affected areas. They are the leading solution for excessive sweating in the armpits. Some can be used during the day and others at night. The disadvantage of these products is that they can cause skin irritations.
  • Iontophoresis. It is a treatment in which electricity is used to inactivate the sweat glands temporarily. It is used to a greater extent for excessive sweating in the hands and feet. The procedure consists of putting the feet and hands in water and producing electrical substances for about 20 minutes.
  • Medicines. Certain medications help the sweat glands reduce their activity. They are usually recommended for cases of excessive sweating on the face. However, it usually has side effects and cannot be administered to everyone.
  • Botox. It is applied in people with primary hyperdrosis in the armpits. Botox is injected into the armpits to block the sweat glands temporarily. Some side effect of this treatment is a pain in the area where the botox is injected.
  • Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy. Abbreviated with its acronym STE, it is applied in the most severe cases. It is a surgical intervention in which a nerve is cut that interrupts the signal responsible for warning the body to start excessive sweating. It is used in cases of excessive sweating on the hands and face. It is not effective when hyperhidrosis occurs in the armpits.
  • Armpit surgery. The surgical intervention uses the sweat glands removed from the area through laser, scraping, or cutting. It is carried out under local anesthesia.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Excessive sweating: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our Well-being category .

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