Home Medication and medical testsOther medications What is Minoxidil for: causes, side effects and contraindications

What is Minoxidil for: causes, side effects and contraindications

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

It is very frustrating for women and men to watch their hair fall out at certain times in life. Science advances every day, so it makes available to those who need it different tools from the pharmacological point of view to avoid this situation.

The application of hair loss treatments is an option that the vast majority put into practice to put an end to this alteration. Minoxidil has been used for many years to treat baldness in men and women, as well as other types of alopecia. Despite its proven benefits in this area, questions have been raised about its side effects, such as: does minoxidil cause impotence? Keep reading this FastlyHealarticle to find out the answer to this question and learn much more about the possible side effects of Minoxidil.

What is Minoxidil for

Minoxidil began to be used in the 70s in patients suffering from arterial hypertension due to its vasodilator effect. These patients over time began to notice increased growth of their body hair and the thickness of their hair was greater. This gave rise to the beginning of the application of this drug in the form of a lotion on the scalp.

As an antihypertensive, this effect is achieved by reducing peripheral vascular resistance, which causes a decrease in blood pressure.

From the 80s, the use of this drug began to stop hair loss and increase its density . Minoxidil stimulates the reproduction of epidermal cells and prevents hair growth from stalling.

It is indicated for both men and women with androgenic alopecia because in these people it stimulates hair growth. Despite this effect, it is not yet known for sure how it achieves it, although for many it does so through increased blood flow due to its vasodilator effect.

Does Minoxidil cause sexual impotence?

The use of Minoxidil does not cause sexual impotence. So far, this drug has not been scientifically proven to lower testosterone levels and therefore cause erectile dysfunction . In those cases where this alteration occurs, a specialist should be consulted, as it may be due to another alteration that is giving rise to this dysfunction.

However, it is important to know that there is a drug used for male alopecia that can lower testosterone levels: Finasteride, also known as Propesia. It is an antiandrogen drug used in the treatment of male alopecia, its use is not to treat hair loss in women or children. This medicine belongs to the group of type 2 5-alpha reductase inhibitors and treats hair loss in men by blocking the production of a male hormone in the scalp that is responsible for stopping hair growth. It has the particularity of lowering testosterone levels and, in some cases, increasing prolactin levels.

Its effects can be observed three months after starting the treatment, this is due to the fact that hair loss and growth occur slowly as time passes.

The taking of this drug must be by medical order, both to start it and to stop it. Thus, you will have better control of not suffering from side effects, among which are:

  • Inability to get and keep an erection.
  • Decreased libido
  • Testicular pain
  • Decreased volume of ejaculation.
  • Gynecomastia
  • Depression.

If you have some of these side effects, you should go to urology specialists, who will be in charge of adjusting the dose of the treatment to eliminate the effects you present.

Side effects of Minoxidil

The frequently seen Minoxidil side effects are specific to the following cases.

When there is a cardiovascular disorder:

  • Tachycardia.
  • Increased heart rate during sexual intercourse.
  • Headaches.

At the local level, it can cause contact dermatitis-type lesions, itching and irritation, which revert once its application is suspended.

It can cause unwanted hair to appear. In the case of women, it is called hirsutism and this hair appears on the cheeks and forehead. In the case of men, it is called hypertrichosis, a lot of hair can appear on the arms.

Presentations of Minoxidil and routes of administration

Minoxidil is in the form of tablets , as well as a solution for topical use . The tablets are used in cases of hypertension, while the topical solution is used to treat alopecia.

The topical presentation comes in liquid, foam, gel, roll-on cream or spray for application to the scalp. These are the most common, there are also presentations in ampoules, lotion and shampoo.

The cream presentation is used to stimulate the growth of the beard. The ideal is to go to the doctor, he will be in charge of indicating the presentation that best suits you according to the type of alopecia you present.

Contraindications of Minoxidil

The application of Minoxidil may be contraindicated in some situations such as:

  • Pregnancy and lactation: during these stages, the application and intake of Minoxidil is contraindicated.
  • In the presence of damage to the scalp due to excessive exposure to the sun, Minoxidil should not be used.
  • In cases where you suffer from chronic acne or any chronic skin disease, its application is contraindicated because it could aggravate the existing picture.
  • In cardiovascular diseases or in the presence of arrhythmias, its indication will be subject to medical prescription.

Minoxidil has turned out to be the topical treatment par excellence to treat baldness in men and women in recent years, this is because its action is nonspecific, so it can act both in non-scarring or reversible alopecia.

Despite its results for the treatment of baldness in men, it should be clear that Minoxidil does not cause erectile dysfunction or decreased libido, unlike other drugs that can cause them.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Does Minoxidil cause impotence? , we recommend that you enter our category of Medication and medical tests .

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