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Sintrom: uses and side effects

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Coagulation is an important process in the repair of injuries, which consists of the grouping of blood platelets forming a clot that will cover the damaged area, thus preventing blood loss. However, some conditions favor the creation of blood clots without injury, which can block blood flow and lead to major complications.

In these cases, the specialist usually recommends the use of drugs that prevent the formation of clots, such as Sintrom . This drug has acenocoumarol as an active component , it is administered orally and is well known for its efficacy, maintaining the blood clotting property at adequate levels. Although Sintrom is widely used, not in all cases with abnormal clot formation problems is its consumption recommended, it is also important that you stay in constant control of the dosage and avoid complications. In this FastlyHealarticle we want to inform you all about Sintrom: uses and side effects .

Some uses of the Sintrom

Since Sintrom is a drug that works as an anticoagulant , it is likely to be prescribed if you are prone to developing high cases of thrombosis, including hereditary thrombophilia or embolism, that is, the formation of blood clots in the bloodstream and that it can block the passage in arteries or veins.

Sintrom is used frequently if you suffer from some type of heart rhythm disturbance , such as in atrial fibrillation where your heartbeat is faster but the number of beats per minute is not so abnormal, and in atrial flutter, which is that your heartbeat they are accelerated and the number of beats per minute is high. In both cases, there is a chance that clots will develop inside your heart from the irregularities.

It is also used as a preventive treatment against embolism , which can manifest itself as a complication of certain procedures, for example to avoid obstruction by clots if they have to implant a heart valve prosthesis or in the cardioversion technique, used to correct a problem that you have in the speed of the heartbeat, this only when you run the risk of having a clot in your heart and when restoring the heart rate it blocks the step.

Other pathologies that can favor the formation of blood clots and the possible obstruction of the blood vessels in your body are valvular heart disease and dilated cardiomyopathy , so your doctor may recommend the use of Sintrom. In both cases you would have an alteration that causes a poor functioning in the passage of blood from one heart valve to another and its correct pumping to the rest of your body.

Conditions such as acute myocardial infarction and transient ischemic attack are situations in which the use of Sintrom may be recommended, since these conditions may occur because a blood clot has blocked any of your arteries, preventing the flow of blood to the heart and brain, respectively. In the first case it can cause damage to your heart cells, while in the second the blockage generally dissolves quickly and does not cause serious damage.

Sintrom Recommended Dosage

Although Sintrom is a very effective drug, it has the disadvantage that there is no fixed dose , since it varies according to the properties of the blood of each patient and can be modified by various daily factors, such as diet. For this reason, a blood test is performed before starting the treatment to establish a dose and also throughout the treatment, tests should be done frequently to adjust the dosage according to your results.

If your blood tests show normal clotting values, it means that the dose of Sintrom you are taking is insufficient and should be increased. On the contrary, if your analysis indicates that the blood is very liquid, it is necessary to reduce its administration or it could trigger adverse effects and complications. These changes in the consumption of Sintrom should only be indicated by your doctor based on how you are responding to treatment, since an inopportune change can worsen your condition, so you should not self-medicate .

Possible side effects from Sintrom

Like most drugs, the consumption of Sintrom can cause some adverse symptoms , especially when the dose is higher than what is needed, since it is not uncommon for it to be adjusted throughout your treatment. On the other hand, your predisposition and the state of the disease are also relevant, which could determine whether or not side effects occur. If you notice any abnormal reaction during treatment, it is essential that you see your doctor to carry out the tests and the corresponding indications.

Among the adverse reactions that you may present, the most frequent are:

  • Bleeding of variable intensity, mostly nasal or gum bleeding, abnormally heavy menstrual period and even internal gastrointestinal and urogenital bleeding, among others. It is possible that when you cough or vomit, you expel some blood and that your stools are black or accompanied by blood.
  • You can also have a fever or headache episodes of varying intensity and frequency.
  • To a lesser extent, you may develop an allergic reaction such as hives, internal or external bruises, and in the latter case you may notice blisters, abnormal hair loss, loss of appetite, and your skin or eyes may turn yellowish like sign of liver disease.

Caution and contraindications of the consumption of Sintrom

Some population groups, such as children, the elderly or patients with certain diseases, may be more susceptible to the effects of Sintrom, being necessary to take greater caution in the dose and carry out more frequent reviews if you are part of these groups. You should also tell your doctor if you are consuming any other medication , as they can alter the effectiveness of Sintrom, reducing it or increasing its anticoagulant action, causing serious bleeding. Likewise, Sintrom contains lactose and other sugars , so if you are intolerant to these you should consume with caution depending on what the specialist recommends.

On the other hand, the consumption of Sintrom is not recommended in some circumstances, this because its method of action or its components could favor complications, damage or worsen the state of your health. Therefore, unless otherwise directed by your doctor, Sintrom should not be administered if:

  • You are allergic to acenocoumarol or any of the other ingredients of the drug.
  • You are pregnant or suspect that you are, it could cause congenital malformations in the fetus.
  • You have a disease that increases the likelihood of severe bleeding, such as gastrointestinal ulcers, cerebrovascular bleeding, or you are a hemophiliac.
  • You have a serious infection or inflammation of the heart.
  • You are hypertensive or have high blood pressure and it is not controlled.
  • You have a serious condition that involves the liver or kidney.
  • You have low levels of protein C or S, as they are involved in controlling blood clotting.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Sintrom: uses and side effects , we recommend that you enter our category of Medication and medical tests .

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