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Swollen legs: causes and remedies

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The leg swelling or edema is a very common problem that affects more women and older people and in most cases occurs due to fluid accumulation, better known as fluid retention . The swelling can occur in one or both legs and can span both thighs and calves. Severity makes this condition considerably worse, as it hinders blood circulation.

Swollen legs can be caused by many factors ranging from being overweight to taking some medications and is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as lower extremity pain, weakness, tiredness, tingling, and tiredness. Knowing why this condition is generated is of great help to know how to treat it, for this reason in this FastlyHealarticle we will talk about swollen legs: causes and home remedies to alleviate its symptoms.

Causes of swollen legs

When there is an excessive accumulation of fluids in the legs, they usually present swelling and heaviness that commonly extends to the feet, in fact, those who suffer from swollen legs are very likely to also have edema in the feet. The most common causes of swollen legs are:

The overweight

When we eat an unhealthy diet, rich in fat and sodium, the body has difficulty in the process of properly metabolizing food and accumulates fat and sugar, which generates altered levels of cholesterol, glucose and triglycerides. This scenario can trigger circulatory problems and fluid retention, thus affecting the lower extremities.

Heart, kidney, or liver disease

Diseases that affect these parts of the human body often trigger fluid retention , especially in the case of the kidneys and liver.

Circulatory problems

The blood that the heart pumps travels through the arteries and then returns to the muscle through the veins. When there is some obstacle that prevents the correct blood flow, such as excess cholesterol or harder veins, the blood accumulates in the lower extremities because it is much more difficult for the body to return the fluid from the feet to the heart, which causes swollen legs. In addition to edema, people with this type of condition also have varicose veins and / or are overweight .

Staying in one position for a long time

When we sit or stand for a long time without changing our body posture, blood flow is affected due to muscle numbness, which stimulates fluid retention and the formation of edema in the legs.

Hormonal problems

This cause is more related to the female gender , since during pregnancy, menstruation, menopause and any important changes that occur in women, hormonal alterations occur that can trigger swollen legs. Especially during pregnancy, it is common for women to have edema in the lower extremities, since the weight of the belly can obstruct the flow of blood in some veins.


High blood pressure combined with a diet rich in sodium is lethal to kidney function, to the point that it is one of the causes of deficiency in these organs. Fluid retention and swollen legs are very common symptoms that affect those with high blood pressure .


contraceptives, steroids, antidepressants are some of the medicines that can cause swollen legs.

Other causes :

  • Injury or surgery to the extremities.
  • Surgery to treat pelvic cancer.
  • Leg infection.
  • Estrogen consumption.
  • Long plane trips.
  • Preeclampsia.

How to avoid swollen legs

The first thing you should do to avoid leg swelling is to see your GP for a routine check-up to determine the exact cause that is triggering this symptom and the steps you should take to treat the condition. Similarly, there are a series of basic recommendations that are useful to follow to improve health and combat swollen legs :

  • If you are overweight or obese, see a nutritionist to develop a nutritional plan according to your needs to lose weight and improve your health.
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in vegetables, protein and fiber.
  • Avoid consuming fat and sodium.
  • Exercise your legs to activate circulation by walking every day for 45 minutes.
  • In the market there are compression stockings that stimulate the circulation of the extremities.
  • Avoid sitting or standing in the same position for a long time.
  • The hydration is essential to prevent fluid retention and stimulate kidney health. Remember to drink 2 liters of water every day.
  • He prefers loose-fitting clothing rather than tight-fitting ones.
  • Keeping the legs elevated above the level of the heart promotes circulation.

Home remedies for swollen legs

Once you have seen the doctor and he has offered the necessary instructions to control the condition and stop the swelling of the legs, we can use some treatments at home that allow us to improve the discomfort , for this reason at FastlyHealwe share with you some home remedies for swollen legs :


Massages are one of the best alternatives to treat swollen legs in a natural way, because through manual manipulation of the skin , blood flow is activated and we help to guide the blood more easily towards the heart. It is important to always perform upward movements , from the feet to the thighs. You can do the massage using rosemary oil to take full advantage of the anti-inflammatory property of this plant.


An excellent home remedy for swollen legs is warm baths with sea salt. The temperature of the water and the salts will help reduce fluid retention and heaviness.


There are many plants that have a positive effect on blood circulation, among them we can highlight the ginko biloba and the dandelion . Taking two cups a day of infusion of one of these plants will relieve leg pain and reduce inflammation.

Hot and cold therapy

Applying cold compresses for 15 minutes and then warm compresses for another 15 minutes helps decrease swelling in the legs.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Swollen Legs: Causes and Remedies , we recommend that you enter our Bones, Joints and Muscles category .

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