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Definition of autosome

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Human beings have 23 pairs of chromosomes or 46 individual chromosomes, of which one group is responsible for determining our sex, the remaining group will be responsible for the inheritance of other traits. This group of non-sex chromosomes is known as autosomes .

Do you want to know more about this group of chromosomes? In this FastlyHealarticle we explain in detail the definition of autosome .

Autosome concept

Autosomes are all those chromosomes that are not a sex chromosome and that appear in somatic cells as a homologous pair. Human beings have 22 pairs of autosomes , the 23rd pair of chromosomes corresponds to sexual characteristics, which is why it is known as X or Y or also as heterochromosomes or gonosomes. In other words, of our 46 chromosomes, 44 are autosomes and only 2 are sexual.

Autosomal pairs are those that participate in the transmission of all genetic traits and circumstances, except those related to sex. It should be noted that some of the genetic disorders are caused by a number of abnormal autosomes.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

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