The color generally associated with good gum health is light pink, but while this is true, a dark gum color does not always have to be a cause for concern. There are many reasons for gum color change, which may turn a rather brown, gray, or purple color. Most do not have any complications and can be considered normal due to the person’s physical characteristics. The presence of certain materials in the mouth or as a consequence of the consumption of certain substances, although in rare situations, it can also mean the appearance of a hazardous condition. If you are interested in knowing more about dark gums: causes and treatments, We invite you to continue reading this article in FastlyHeal, where we will address the subject.
Melanin is a pigment found in our skin, hair, iris of the eye, and other parts of the body, being the element that determines what color will, either light or dark. This substance can also be found in our gums; when melanin accumulates in a specific area, dark spots called physiological melanosis or melanoplakia.
This is an entirely normal situation, and it does not cause any damage. In fact, in dark-skinned people, melanosis can cover the entire gum. For this situation, it is usually not advisable to apply any treatment to correct it as it is something normal. However, there are specific aesthetic procedures and treatments for dark gums, such as:
- Gum dermabrasion.
- Laser therapy
- Gum grafts
- Gingivectomy, gum cuts
- Cryotherapy, sub-zero temperature therapies
Dark spots on the gums: melanoma
Melanin is produced by cells found in the epithelium of the skin and mucosa, called melanocytes. Like any other cell in the body, melanomas can reproduce uncontrollably, making melanoma a type of cancer. This pathology produces prominent black lesions that have considerable extensions on the gingiva.
Being a malignant condition, the treatment of melanoma first requires a procedure to remove the lesion and obtain a sample for study under the microscope to conclude the diagnosis. Treatment must often be continued with radiation therapy and chemotherapy to ensure the elimination of all malignant cells, especially in the most severe cases.
Black gums between teeth: dental calculus
Also called tartar, it is deposits of calcified material on the surface of the teeth due to poor hygiene. The dental calculus varies in color and can be whitish, brown, green, dark brown, and even black. The stone can form on the tooth’s surface below the gum, and when it is dark in color or the patient has fragile gums, translucency can cause the gum to darken.
The color of the gums in these cases improves immediately after removing the dental calculus during a dental cleaning, which usually may include scaling and root planing due to the depth of the calculus.
The following article leaves you with some remedies to remove dental tartar.
Purple spots on the gum
Also called focal argyrosis, it is a situation in which the gingiva stains a bluish-gray color in a small area due to constant contact with an amalgam restoration or by the penetration of small amalgam residues into the gingiva during the removal of a repair with this type of material.
Although this situation does not cause any damage because the metals in amalgam are harmless on the gum, it is generally recommended to do a pigmentation biopsy to rule out other more severe conditions such as melanoma.
Dark gums from smoking
Among the many negative consequences of smoking is gum pigmentation. The nicotine in cigarettes stimulates melanin production, the pigment mentioned above, and therefore the formation of dark plaques. Although this does not produce damage in itself, in combination with all the other effects of smoking, it can lead to the development of more severe diseases.
Quitting smoking can lighten the color of the gums, but they tend to remain pigmented. When aesthetics is an essential factor for the person, the same procedures can be applied for physiological melanosis.
Metal and ceramic crowns
A fixed dental prosthesis treatment in the making of crowns made up of metal (dark) on the inside and ceramic on the outside (light). The final portion of these crowns is usually placed below the gum to hide the boundary separating the height from the tooth, which is especially important in front teeth. If the metal sticks out from under the ceramic and the person has fragile and light gums, a dark ring can form around the neck of the tooth.
Removing the crown to hide the metal of the restoration better must be evaluated very well because it usually involves the fabrication of a new height and, therefore, a relatively high expense. Certain materials can be used in place of dark metal for better aesthetics, such as zirconia.
Dark gums from medical treatment
Some medications such as:
- oral contraceptives
- tricyclic antidepressants
It can produce a darkening of the gums due to the accumulation of substances. They do not cause any problem, but when they produce significant aesthetic alterations, the doctor who indicated the treatment could be consulted to assess its replacement.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Dark gums: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our Teeth and mouth category .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.