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White spots on the face: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The white spots on the face are more common than believed, usually pose no major problem but appear as a reaction of the dermis after exposure to the sun. However, other dermatological complications can cause white spots on the face as part of its symptoms, so in the event of any change in our front, it is essential to consult a doctor to know what it is and how we can treat it.

If you have these lesions on your face and wonder what they are caused by and how you can eliminate them, keep reading this FastlyHealarticle about white spots on the front: causes and treatment.

It had Versicolor

Many conditions can modify skin tone by decreasing the concentration of melanin, a substance responsible for pigmentation of the skin in the dermis. Among the most common causes of why white spots appear on the face, we find, in the first place, tinea versicolor. It is a long-term fungal infection of the skin that causes small white spots that appear due to the fungus Pityrosporum ovale. This microorganism lives in the body and usually affects the skin of young people and adults who live in warm environments.

The spots from this condition, which are more common than you think, darken in the sun and can appear much whiter than healthy skin. Staining can cause tissue to lose or increase color in people with black skin. Other symptoms that define this condition are increased sweating and itching. This disease can also appear on the chest, back, armpits, arms, and neck.

How is tinea versicolor treated?

The treatment of white spots on the face caused by tinea versicolor consists of topically applying antifungal creams that fight the skin fungus. There are also oral medicines to treat this condition. It is important to note that the color changes in the skin can take months to return to normal and that the infection can reappear, especially during the summer and fall.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is the most severe cause of white patches on the face. It is a skin disease where the skin loses its pigmentation in certain areas, giving rise to white spots like irregular patches that feel like normal skin to the touch.

Vitiligo originates when immune cells mistakenly destroy melanocyte cells (responsible for skin pigmentation) because they recognize them as a danger to the body’s health. We can say that vitiligo is caused by an immune system problem whose cause is unknown. Likewise, this disease is also associated with hyperthyroidism, pernicious anemia, and Addison’s disease.

This condition most often affects the face, elbows, hands, feet, knees, and genitals. It can affect both sides of the body equally and is more evident in dark-skinned people. Besides the uneven patches, vitiligo does not manifest any other symptoms.

How is vitiligo treated?

  • Phototherapy involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light to improve its color. It can be applied alone or with the intake of a drug that stimulates the skin’s sensitivity to light.
  • Medicines: creams, corticosteroids, emollients, sunscreen, and immune depressant ointments.

Some specialists practice skin grafts in more critical areas such as the face. Also, makeup and hair dye can disguise the broad whites on the front of vitiligo.

Expand this information by consulting the article Vitiligo: causes, symptoms, and treatment.

Nutritional deficit

When we do not take proper care of our diet, we risk that our rhythm of life affects our nutrition, causing a significant deficit of vitamins and minerals. This condition often occurs when stringent diets are carried out, when eating primarily on the street, or when some food group is eliminated. When a nutritional deficit is the cause of white spots on the face, it is usually due to a significant deficiency of calcium, vitamin D, or vitamin E.

Treatment of nutritional deficit

In these cases, it will be necessary to make changes in our diet that incorporate foods rich in deficient nutrients. In general, increasing the intake of vegetables and dairy solves the problem since these two food groups are rich in vitamin D, vitamin E, and calcium. Once the person’s nutrition returns to normal, the white patches on the face will disappear.

Pityriasis alba

Pityriasis alba is one of the most common causes of white patches on the skin due to loss of pigmentation. Although the cause of this disorder is unknown, the disease is linked to eczema and skin allergies and is more common in children than adolescents.

The spots caused by this condition begin as small red, scaly, oval patches that then, after they disappear, turn into tiny white lesions. They usually appear on the face, elbows, arms, neck, and chest. Although the patches do not tan, they increase their red hue when they come into contact with the sun.

Treatment of pityriasis alba

Treatment of this condition consists of applying emollient creams to improve scales, steroid creams, immunomodulating lotion for inflammation, and laser treatment. The patches may become apparent, but they may also appear again. Over time, the disease disappears, and the skin returns to its color.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to White spots on the face: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our Skin, hair, and nails category.

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