Home Skin CareSpots on the skin Stains on the hands: Causes, types and how to remove

Stains on the hands: Causes, types and how to remove

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The first thing that everyone sees is the appearance of the skin. Any sudden appearance of a spot or macula will be readily visible, even more, when they are presented on the hands.

In general, melanin is the pigment giving the skin its color, together with hemoglobin and carotenoids. The skin tone can be affected by age, pregnancy, and even by the sun.

It is possible that when you notice a change in the appearance of your hands, you will immediately worry. In this FastlyHealarticle, we will talk about why stains appear on the hands, what types are there and how to remove them with the appropriate treatments.

Types of stains on the hands

Before knowing which types of spots appear on the hands, we must take into account that the natural pigment that gives the skin tone is melanin, which, together with hemoglobin (oxidized and reduced) and carotenoids provide the skin its natural color.

On the other hand, melanocytes are the cells responsible for producing melanin and intervening when exposed to ultraviolet rays.

When we notice spots on the skin and refer to dark tones, we can also refer to techniques much lighter than the standard color.

Melanin is classified into two types basically:

  1. Eumelanin is responsible for giving color mainly to the skin, the iris of the eyes, and the hair. Regularly, its hue is brown, and the higher the production, the greater the intensity of the tone, where inheritance and sun exposure fundamentally affect it.
  2. Pheomelanin: This is responsible for providing a light skin tone and a reddish-orange tone to the hair. Typically, people affected by pheomelanin have watery eyes and freckles.

Now, pigmentation changes are due to 3 mechanisms:

  1. Increase or decrease in melanocytes.
  2. Increase or reduce melanin by melanocytes.
  3. Abnormal location of melanin or melanocytes.

If a deficit or increase in melanin causes the spots on the skin, there will be:

  • Hyperchromic spots acquire a darker hue than normal skin and are caused by excess melanin.
  • Hypochromic spots: on the contrary, these spots are lighter than the usual skin tone and are caused by a lack of melanin.

Another valid classification regarding the types of stains on the hands is:

  1. Moles: accumulation of melanin-producing cells, melanocytes.
  2. Freckles: they can be hereditary. They are generally benign and differ from moles because they are smaller in size.
  3. Solar lentigo: they are white spots that can appear after sun exposure. They tend to measure 1 to 2 mm in diameter.
  4. Vitiligo: This condition is genetic and is represented by the appearance of white spots where there is a total absence of pigmentation.
  5. Melasma is generally evidenced after the hormonal changes women are exposed to throughout their lives and may appear during pregnancy and menopause.
  6. Phytophotodermatitis: caused by the contact of certain substances on the skin, such as lemon, and subsequent exposure to the sun.

Stains on the hands from the sun

The most frequent question is: why do I get stains on my hands? The reasons vary and depend on multiple factors; among the most common causes of the presence of spots on the indicators, we find those that appear from the sun. These are due to overexposure to the sun, either immediate or late.

Immediate sun spots on the hands occur due to the oxidation of melanin. This process causes a darker shade to appear on your hands in minutes or hours. The people most susceptible to presenting this type of spot on the hands are those with light or brown skin. They are also frequent after 40 years of age due to the inability of cells to regenerate and recover quickly after exposure to UV rays. These spots can range from 1 cm in diameter and vary from light brown to red and black.

On the other hand, late spots start after chronic overexposure of the hands to the sun, especially in jobs that expose this area. This also happens to the stimulation of melanin production.

Sun protection is the best way to avoid and make these spots disappear on the hands. If the sites are light, they can be easily removed with exfoliation for two weeks. A dermatologist’s assessment is preferably recommended if the number of places is relevant. Finally, in this case, lightening creams, lasers, and peeling can also be beneficial.

Stains on hands brown from age

Regardless of sex, anyone can notice brown spots on the back of the hands over the years. These are most usually larger than the typical moles.

Age is therefore considered a prominent factor in this case; it is estimated that there is a greater probability of spots on the hands after 40 years of age.

Do not worry if this is your case. The solution is straightforward, and the stains do not represent a serious health problem. Always use sunscreen daily. In addition, you can use some home remedies for spots on the hands, such as:

  1. Whey: acquired in natural stores, its acid allows for cleaning and eliminating the stains on the hands due to age. Apply it daily before sleeping after having adequately washed the skin.
  2. Aloe vera: another effective natural remedy that reduces the spots that appear over time is aloe vera. Apply its gel on the surface or the back of the hand and let it dry. It is recommended to apply at night. You can see more details in the article Remove spots on the skin with aloe vera.
  3. Castor oil: finally, you can also use castor oil to improve stains on the hands. Just apply a few drops on the palm and back of the hand and leave it to act overnight.

Other causes of stains on the hands

Other causes of stains on the hands are:

  • Hormonal changes: hormonal modifications can increase melanin production, which favors the appearance of hyperchromic spots.
  • Liver detoxification: one reason for the appearance of macules on the skin is the liver detoxification process in the body.
  • Contact with lemon: direct contact of the citrus juice of the lemon and the skin and the consequent sun exposure gives rise to a process called phytophotodermatitis. It is a skin burn that occurs primarily on the hands.
  • Vitiligo: is a disease characterized by white patches on the skin, especially on the hands, feet, knees, face, and genitals. It can manifest at any age and is believed to have a genetic component as the cause.

Spots on the hands from skin cancer

An extreme cause of the presence of spots on the hands is skin cancer, a more common cancer than you think. Fortunately, it can be treated effectively if detected early in most cases.

At first, the usual manifestation is spotted that has appeared suddenly, with a more or less rough texture, and that, with the passage of days, progressively enlarges.

Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common skin cancer and occurs in places with more sun exposure.

On the other hand, melanoma skin cancer is the most serious of these cases. It begins where there is already a mole on the skin or, in other cases, after the appearance of a new and rather unpleasant-looking mole that can change in terms of size, shape, color, and texture.

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common of all. Melanoma ranks third with 7.9% in Mexico and is the cause of 75% of deaths from skin cancer. Sun exposure is a determining factor in the development of skin cancer, incredibly intense and intermittent sun exposure during childhood and adolescence, according to Mediagraphic and its published article concerning the prevalence of skin cancer in Mexico [1].

The characteristics of the spots on the skin related to skin cancer are:

  • Non-uniform color.
  • Size change.
  • Asymmetry.
  • Unmarked edges.
  • Ragged edges.

How to remove stains from hands: treatment

There are many ways to remove stains on the hands, and it all depends on the evaluation, diagnosis, and medical indication.

Laser treatments, microdermabrasion, cryotherapy, or peeling can be indicated, choosing the best option depending on the cause to be treated.

On the other hand, creams based on vitamin C can be indicated to reduce hyperpigmentation, creams based on hydroquinone, which allows skin whitening and is highly used in age spots on the hands, and a broad-spectrum sunscreen. Used all day and throughout the year to avoid the impact on the skin of ultraviolet rays.

Glycolic acid-based creams may also be indicated, present in chemical exfoliation creams or creams based on retinoids or derivatives of vitamin A used at night to avoid aggravating the cause.

The main medical recommendations are:

  1. Moisturize your skin constantly by using moisturizers and increasing your water intake daily.
  2. Avoid overexposure to the sun.

Home remedies for stains on hands

In addition, there are some home remedies to remove stains from the hands that can be helpful as long as the macules are not associated with a specific condition or disease:

  • Apple cider vinegar: remedy that gives the hands greater vitality. A tablespoon of apple cider vinegar added to your daily moisturizer helps to improve blemishes. It is recommended to massage for 15 minutes and leave it to act overnight.
  • Orange juice: that’s right, orange juice improves the age spots on your hands. It is recommended to apply it logically at night to avoid making the situation worse.
  • Milk: this product allows to drag and eliminate dead cells located on the skin’s surface. It is recommended to apply it to the hands, let it dry, and leave it on overnight.
  • Cucumber: the paste prepared with cucumber contains vitamin E, which is ideal for the skin. It should be applied to the hands and left on for 20 minutes at night.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Stains on the hands: why they appear, types, and how to remove them, we recommend that you enter our category of Skin, hair, and nails.

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