When we talk about polyps, we refer to tumor growths -generally non-cancerous- that can appear in different mucous membranes of the body. Next, we will talk about stomachs, those that appear in the lining of the stomach wall. The severity of these polyps is variable since, while most of them cause no concern, one of the types that exist can turn into cancer.
The fact that it can develop a tumor is an element that should not be overlooked, so you must always take into account what its signs and symptoms are to start treatment as quickly as possible. If you want to know them, we encourage you to continue reading the following FastlyHealarticle in which we talk about stomach polyps: symptoms and treatment.
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Types of polyps in the stomach and what are they
Polyps are a type of condition characterized by unusual bumps and growths in different areas of the body; in this case, we are going to talk about polyps in the stomach. These types of polyps arise in the mucous membrane that lines the stomach and can be of different sizes, even being able to cause ulcers.
Polyps can be very difficult to identify depending on the case since they do not always present apparent symptoms. To detect them, it is necessary to perform a gastrointestinal endoscopy to be able to examine the inner part of the stomach and observe if polyps are present.
Likewise, not all polyps are the same; they neither have the same symptoms nor have the same prognosis. Next, we will explain what the different types of polyps in the stomach are:
- Hyperplastic polyps: it is the type of polyp that occurs most frequently and, generally, they have a benign prognosis.
- Neoplastic polyps: they are located in the upper area of the stomach.
- Inflammatory polyps: as its name suggests, this type of polyp has an inflammatory process.
- Adenomatous polyps: this type of polyp is the most dangerous since it is a cancerous disorder.
Why do polyps grow in the stomach?
Just as there can be different types of stomach polyps, the reality is that the causes that can cause them are not univocal, but there are two different ones.
In the vast majority of cases of stomach polyps, this disorder is caused by the proliferation of Helicobacter pylori. The same bacteria cause stomach ulcers and other infections that can occur in the stomach.
But although, as we have just said, most cases have a bacterial origin, polyps can also arise from autoimmune reactions of the body itself, disorders in which the body attacks its tissues, thinking that it is a harmful agent.
Polyps in the stomach: symptoms
The signs, signals, and symptoms of stomach polyps are highly variable. Depending on the type of condition, the size, location, and severity of the bumps, they can be very different. In other cases, when the size is not yet remarkable, it is widespread for them to occur asymptomatically, remaining difficult to detect.
When they do produce symptoms, among the most common we can find:
- Once the polyps in the stomach have increased in size or have grown in number, they likely cause abdominal pain and stomach and general discomfort.
- As the polyp grows, it can even be detected how the abdomen protrudes, causing pain if touched.
- It is common for a person with polyps to experience a lack of appetite and be satiated quickly.
- Dark stools or the unmistakable presence of blood in the bundles indicate internal bleeding, another of the symptoms caused by injuries caused by the presence of polyps.
- Cases of constipation are common.
Treatment of polyps
As we have already commented previously, both the presence and the severity and incidence of stomach polyps are diagnosed through an endoscopy and a biopsy. The tissue will be removed from the affected area and later analyzed in a laboratory to know precisely what type it is and what its treatment should be.
There are two types of treatments for stomach polyps: medication and surgery:
Polyps in the stomach: treatment with drugs
When polyps are caused by the Helicobacter above pylori bacteria, treatment will usually be through prescription antibacterial drugs and antibiotics to end the infection.
Surgery for polyps in the stomach
Surgical removal is another possible method of treating polyps. This operation is known as polypectomy, and it has evolved enormously over the years and is now a minimally invasive procedure. Through this operation, what is done is to eliminate the appendages using a trap that disengages them from the mucous membrane. Subsequently, a heat treatment is done to prevent any bleeding.
The postoperative period will be based on medication, an appropriate diet, and timely medical follow-up to prevent the polyps from reproducing again.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.