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Pain below the knee: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The joints of the legs are segments of the body that receive a great amount of pressure and demand in general in almost anyone, since a great variety of tissues come together and simple things such as poor posture or a constantly inadequate lifestyle can harm them without too much difficulty.

One of the joints that suffers the most is the knee, impacted by the great activity we do with it and in turn, by the opposite, the sedentary lifestyle and obesity that risk your health. Learn in this FastlyHealarticle about pain below the knee: causes and treatment and learn what causes it and what ways there are to treat it.

Jumper’s knee or knee tendonitis

This is one of the main causes of knee pain, because it is an injury that generally occurs through chronic wear and tear on the joint, lack of warm-up before training or after sudden movements. The symptoms of this tendinitis are:

  • Pain below the knee and when bending it
  • Common symptoms of inflammation: warmth, redness and / or thickening of the area
  • Reduced mobility of the joint
  • Feeling weak

The constant use of this joint without good nutrition or good care when warming up will easily promote that the joint resists healing regardless of treatment. The general guidelines to follow for the treatment of tendonitis are:

  • Always in the face of inflammation due to muscle injury of this type, the first recourse is to apply cold compresses promptly and pain relievers.
  • After first aid care and after the first day, maintain rest, heat therapy, massage.
  • Perform exercises for patellar tendonitis .
  • In addition, analgesics, anti-inflammatories and inflitrations (injections) can be used to desensitize the nerves as means to reduce pain, depending on the particularities of each case.
  • The return to regular and demanding workouts should be gradual, patient, and supervised by a professional if you want to make the most of your recovery.

Knee pain when bending over: knee bursitis

The wear bursae is another important factor for the onset of pain in the knee area. Bursae are like sacs that contain synovial fluid within them and they allow movement in the joint to occur without annoying friction. Therefore, it is an important factor to consider in case of pain below the knee or even above, since between the patella and the femur there are also bursae.

This damage usually arises chronically through wear and tear during physical exercise or due to alterations in the body that affect them, such as:

  • Gout
  • Infections
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Diabetes

In case of being a septic bursitis (due to infection, fever can also arise. To cure bursitis it is necessary to treat these causes, so that the treatments for knee bursitis that we present here can be efficient.

Knee pain when bending: osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis and osteoarthritis refer to the wear and tear and inflammation of the bones of the joints, accompanied by the wear or lack of sufficient regeneration of the cartilage, thus allowing deformations to occur in the damaged bones and friction between them.

This condition obviously produces severe pain, in addition to clicking or rubbing or scratching when moving the joint affected by osteoarthritis. In turn, osteoarthritis can be complicated by limiting movement. It is one of the most important conditions, since cartilage is a tissue that regenerates to a much lesser extent at an early age (young adulthood), in addition to the stress of everyday life, exercise without moderation, obesity and possible injuries accelerate its wear.

The treatment of osteoarthritis will depend on the severity and conditions of the patient. The most basic treatment is through physical means , that is, exercises, food to regenerate cartilage and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In more serious and irreversible situations, surgery may be chosen.

Calf pain

The muscles that occupy the back of the shin are the gastrocnemius or calves, and these can become stiff or inflamed by causes and carelessness similar to those that allow patellar tendonitis, and the pain they produce can spread throughout the area, including the part top of them (below and behind the knee).

The causes and treatments for this condition are very varied, enter here to learn more about pain in the twin .

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Pain below the knee: causes and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of Bones, Joints and Muscles .

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