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Hypoglycemia: causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the levels of sugar sang re are lower than usual and is found between 60 and 70 mg / dL. This disorder is pervasive in people who have diabetes and are taking insulin. However, it can occur due to alcohol consumption, infections, heart failure, weight loss surgeries, or tumors in the pancreas. Glucose is the leading sugar our body uses for energy and comes from foods known as carbohydrates. The moment this value begins to decrease, it is because you have made a significant physical effort or because you have not eaten for a long time; in case of not providing the body with the necessary sugar through food, it will use it from the reserves that are found in the liver, which are for fasting moments. At FastlyHealwe, explain the causes, symptoms, and treatment of HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia.

Causes of HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia

Glucose moves into cells through insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas. When insulin is insufficient, glucose accumulates in the blood instead of going to the cell to provide the energy that the body needs, thus producing diabetes.

The causes of HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia are:

  • Glucose is quickly depleted in the body.
  • Sugar travels through the bloodstream very slowly.
  • Glucose is released in excess into the blood.

If Hypoglycemia occurs in healthy people, it is due to the following causes:

  • Excess physical exercise.
  • Fasting or low food consumption.
  • Alcohol consumption, since these drinks increase insulin production and, if consumed on an empty stomach, will cause the liver to deplete the reserve.
  • Hypothyroidism is caused by a decrease in the function of the thyroid gland.
  • In hypoadrenalism, adrenaline is a hormone that sometimes increases glucose in the blood due to the action they have on the liver. Still, if it is not found relatively, it will not make the necessary contribution.
  • In hypopituitarism, if hormones are produced abnormally in the pituitary, they will affect metabolism.

Symptoms of HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia

The symptoms are different in each patient. However, it is normal for alterations in the nervous system to occur; it is also widespread that in diabetic people, these signs may not appear until the moment in which the patient has reached levels that are too low. And it could cause a coma. The most common symptoms of HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia are:

  • Anxiety.
  • Instability.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Irritability.
  • Hunger and nausea
  • Tingle.
  • Soft spot.
  • Confusion.
  • Aggressiveness.
  • Seizures

Prevent HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia

There are some steps you can take to prevent HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia:

  • If you exercise, take a snack to eat after the first hour of training.
  • Eat five times a day; in addition to being a way to keep your metabolism accelerated, it will help you prevent HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia.
  • Consume complex carbohydrates, fiber, and fats, and ensure that the latter is not saturated.
  • Avoid long fasts.
  • Do not drink alcohol without having eaten first.

Treatment for HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia

The treatment for HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia will depend on the cause. However, the simplest method is to consume some sugary food or carbohydrates, between 15 and 20 grams, accompanied by another containing protein or fat. You can also eat two tablespoons of raisins, ½ cup of non-diet soda, one tablespoon of sugar or honey, candies or gummies, always taking care of the quantities.

If you are a diabetic patient, you should have glucose tablets or a gel tube; these are quickly absorbed and will raise blood glucose levels. An endocrine doctor will tell you what the appropriate dose is since if you ingest them in excess, they can produce the opposite effect, that is, cause hyperglycemia. In severe cases of HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia, it will be necessary to administer glucose injections.

When to contact the doctor

Before the following symptoms, you must go to the emergency room:

  • Loss of alertness.
  • The person has fainted and cannot be awakened.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia: causes, symptoms, and treatment, we recommend entering our Endocrine System category.

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