The glycemic test is the blood test that is performed to determine blood glucose values, which allows identifying if the patient has normal levels and therefore is healthy in this aspect, if they are at the limit and manifest prediabetes or without being too high, clearly indicating the presence of diabetes. Knowing the average blood glucose values that serve as a reference is very useful for interpreting the analysis, which in the same way, we must always send it to our doctor. In this FastlyHealarticle, we explain in detail everything about blood sugar values.
Why is the blood glucose test done?
The blood glucose test consists of a simple test in which blood is drawn to determine blood sugar levels. It is usually done on an empty stomach, although it can be done two hours after eating food in some instances.
This test is used to determine the level of sugar in the blood and, with it, the existence of conditions such as prediabetes or diabetes. It is usually performed to rule out these conditions when it is suspected that there could be alterations in sugar levels. Still, it can also be practiced in certain risk groups who have a greater possibility of suffering from diabetes, such as:
- People with obesity.
- Those who have direct relatives who have diabetes.
- Those with high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
- Women who have had gestational diabetes.
- Patients over 45 years of age should have this test routinely every three years or more frequently, depending on their risk of suffering from diabetes.
Normal Fasting Blood Glucose Values
Average fasting blood glucose values should be between 70 and 100 mg / dL; if the results are higher, it is considered that the sugar is very high; in that case, you should see a doctor immediately, especially if the results are:
- Between 100 and 125 mg / dL, which indicates prediabetes.
- More than 126 mg / dL, a result considered that there is diabetes.
Normal blood glucose values after eating
When the blood glucose test is performed after having eaten, the average values of the results will depend on the number of hours that we have not eaten food.
The following guideline values are taken 2 hours after eating:
- Less than 140 mg / dL , normal levels.
- Between 140 and 199 mg / dL , prediabetes.
- More than 200 mg / dL , diabetes.
What to do if my glucose values are high?
If the test results show that your blood sugar levels are high, you must consult a doctor immediately. In cases of prediabetes, the condition can be reversed to avoid the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Making profound changes in the diet in which the intake of sweets, pastries, refined sugar, sugary drinks, fried foods, and saturated fat is reduced to a minimum, playing sports, and following a diet to lose weight will be essential to improve the quality of life and avoid all the risks of high blood glucose levels.
If the result reveals the presence of diabetes, consulting a specialist is also essential to know the changes that we must make in our routine to guarantee our well-being. In our article type 2 diabetes: causes, symptoms, and treatment, we give you all the information you should know about this pathology.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Normal Blood Glucose Values , we recommend that you enter our Endocrine System category.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.