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Hodgkin lymphoma: initial symptoms

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Hodgkin’s lymphoma, long known as Hodgkin’s disease, is a type of cancer that affects the patient’s lymphatic system. It has its own characteristics that distinguish it from the rest of lymphomas; in fact, it is studied separately.

However, as with the rest of lymphomas and cancers, it is essential to treat this disease as soon as possible so that its exacerbation can be prevented and treatment can start as early as possible. In the following FastlyHealarticle, we will talk about Hodgkin lymphoma: initial symptoms so that you know how to detect this disease in its early stages.

What is Hodgkin’s lymphoma?

There are areas of the body that, to this day, surprisingly, are still largely unknown to a large part of the population. The lymphatic system is one of those gears of our body that many people still do not know what it is or what it does.

The best way to define the lymphatic system is to call it a network, a network of lymph nodes, vessels, and ducts from where lymph is produced and transformed to be later carried into the blood. This system is an essential and fundamental pillar of the human immune system.

In the body of a person with Hodgkin’s lymphoma, lymphoid cells of atypical nature reproduce uncontrollably in this network, malignant giant cells known medically as Reed-Sternberg, originating from a malformation of B lymphocytes.

The consequences of this cell proliferation are varied, but the ganglia increase in a particular body area stands out, from where it can spread to other sites, to the bone marrow or the spleen.

Initial symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma

Although Hodgkin lymphoma may go unnoticed and is asymptomatic, the truth is that in most cases, it does cause some quite characteristic symptoms. Here are the initial signs of Hodgkin lymphoma :

Lump in the neck

It is undoubtedly the most characteristic symptom of Hodgkin lymphoma. It is the appearance of a lump – usually in the neck – but which can also appear under the arm, armpits, or the groin. This lump is a swollen lymph node that is not usually painful. Although it passes painlessly in most cases, it is possible to feel some pain when consuming alcohol. Over the weeks, the lump may increase in size, or other nodes may even appear in other body areas.

But before jumping to conclusions and worrying, keep in mind that lymph nodes are not just swollen with Hodgkin lymphoma. Especially infections, but many other diseases, can lead to swollen glands and confuse the patient. Similarly, different types of cancer can also enlarge the nodes. Consequently, before the appearance of any lump, it is best to visit the doctor to do the corresponding tests and, whatever it is, it can be treated as quickly as possible.

Respiratory problems

In the case that the lymph nodes that are enlarged are those of the chest, it is possible that their swelling compresses the trachea, causing:

  • To.
  • Difficulty breathing normally.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Pain in the sternum area.

But we repeat here the same thing that we said in the previous section, having these symptoms does not have to mean that you have Hodgkin lymphoma. Our body throws an alarm signal at us, but it is not necessarily caused by lymphoma.

Symptoms of Hodgkin Lymphoma in Adults

With all that we have discussed, Hodgkin lymphoma can also be accompanied by other more generic symptoms or appear with other diseases, known as B symptoms or systemic symptoms. Now, if these appear together with the signs that we have explained above, they can give us clues to detect this type of lymphoma:

  • Fever: which can be persistent or intermittent, lasting for days or even weeks with no apparent cause.
  • Excessive sweating: especially at night, it is so profuse that it even forces you to change clothes or sheets.
  • Weight loss: involuntary loss of more than 10% of body weight in less than six months.
  • Itching and pain in the glands when alcohol is consumed.
  • Constant tiredness .
  • Loss of appetite .

Hodgkin lymphoma screening

The first step for early detection of Hodgkin lymphoma is to be clear if we are in a risk group. For example, we have suffered an Epstein-Barr infection or had someone in the family history. In that case, it is advisable to do periodic medical check-ups to detect it as soon as possible.

We still do not have any specific medical test to help us detect Hodgkin lymphoma in those patients who still do not present any symptoms. That is why it is so important to know and recognize the symptoms of this condition so that, once they appear, you can quickly go to see the doctor. This is the only reliable form of prevention and the best way to intercept it in its earliest stages.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Hodgkin lymphoma: initial symptoms , we recommend that you enter our Immune system category .

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