Home Brain and nervesDizziness Feeling dizziness when getting up or (Orthostatic hypotension)

Feeling dizziness when getting up or (Orthostatic hypotension)

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Dizziness is a sensation of loss of balance, which can have a great variety of origins, which means that we have all felt one at some point. Depending on the origin of the dizziness, some people may be affected by this sensation more frequently than others, being older people more prone, and the intensity of the dizziness also depends on what causes it. A very common scenario is that of people who feel dizzy immediately after getting up, something that can happen to anyone. In this FastlyHealarticle, we will try to answer the question: why do I get dizzy when I get up.

What are dizziness

It is an expression used to refer to two situations: on the one hand, there is the sensation of dizziness itself, which is the sensation of instability and the impression that the whole environment revolves around one, also called vertigo, and on the other the sensation of impending fainting, which may also be called blacking out.

When a person feels dizzy, they are generally confused or disoriented and indicate being groggy due to discomfort, in addition to having a loss of balance in both cases.

Why do I get dizzy when I get up

The feeling of dizziness when getting up, either when waking up, after bending over or after sitting, is very common in some people. Many times it is not something serious, but in other situations you should be alert, since this symptom can be a consequence of a condition:

  • Cardiovascular problem: if dizziness appears when you get up and lasts a few minutes or even hours, it may be orthostatic hypotension , in which a drop in blood pressure occurs after standing up, when you have been lying down.
  • Vertigo : is the feeling of dizziness that can occur when getting up and lying down, but that only lasts a few seconds. It is also called benign positional vertigo and is the most common form of this case. It is caused by an ear problem and the person may feel that everything around them is spinning or moving.
  • Ménière’s disease : it is a problem that occurs in the inner ear, in which the person indicates severe dizziness especially when getting up, a sound in the ear, hearing disorders, such as deafness, and pain. It is a type of vertigo that lasts for hours.
  • Medication: It is very common for older people to take a lot of medications. Drug interaction can trigger dizziness when getting up. There are certain drugs such as diuretics, which alter blood volume and is usually one of those that cause this symptom.
  • Anguish: not controlling emotions and being in a panic can cause dizziness when getting up, in addition to other symptoms such as palpitations, chest tightness, among others.
  • Systemic diseases: as heart problems or diabetes cause dizziness, they are usually mild but bothersome and are very common. They are controlled when the underlying cause that causes it, that is, the disease, is treated.
  • Excessive loss of body fluids: as a result of diarrhea, bleeding or vomiting.
  • Pregnant women : women in condition cause a low blood pressure, which is orthostatic hypotension, which generates dizziness when getting up.

What to do if I get dizzy when I get up

The vast majority of people go to a specialist when the crisis has already been very serious and although this symptom can be very common, it is impossible to prevent it. Once you feel dizzy when you get up, you should consult with a specialist in the area to rule out the possible options.

In case you suspect that it is due to the ear, you should attend the specialist in the area, the otolaryngologist, for this, there are a series of instructions that the doctor will dictate to prevent complications.

If it is the product of a cardiovascular disorder, you will have to go to the cardiologist to put you in treatment as quickly as possible, this with the intention of counteracting the condition, since it improves once the cause that produces it is controlled.

Recent studies have shown that a vitamin D deficiency promotes the reappearance of complications such as vertigo, so it is recommended to include a consumption of this vitamin in your day-to-day life.

In the same way, it is advisable in all cases to tell a specialist about what you are going through, since informing them will help in the diagnosis and dictate a specific treatment for each area.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Why do I get dizzy when I wake up , we recommend that you enter our Brain and Nerves category .

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