Fibroids, also known as uterine fibroids, are benign tumors that form in the area of the uterus, considered as one of the most common gynecologic conditions. This pathology is of low danger for women’s health in general terms since it is very infrequent for fibroids to become malignant and cause serious problems.
However, the topic that most often worries those who suffer from it is fertility, and it is that faced with this condition, the doubt arises as to whether or not we will be able to fertilize normally. Can I get pregnant with a fibroid? In this FastlyHealarticle, we answer it.
What are fibroids?
Fibroids are benign tumors that form in the muscular wall of the uterus; they are considered very common since between 20 and 30% of women come to suffer them at some stage of their life. Once they appear, it is essential to go to frequent gynecological check-ups to evaluate their condition, the appearance of new fibroids, and uterine health in general.
The causes for which fibroids appear are currently unknown, although it is considered that hormonal changes, especially those related to alterations in estrogen levels, may influence their appearance.
Types of Fibroids
The uterine fibroids can be tiny and produce no symptoms, but in some cases may be the cause of irregular menses, heavy and painful. If their growth is advanced, they can compress one or more pelvis organs, causing pain and discomfort.
To understand if a fibroid can affect fertility, it is essential first to know the type of tumors that can occur and their location, which will directly influence their effects on female fertility. The types of fibroids are:
- Subserous: they grow on the outer wall of the uterus, so they do not usually cause symptoms or interfere with menstruation or fertility.
- Intramural: they form in the thickness of the uterus wall and are the most common types of fibroids. They cause an enlargement in this area, and if they are greater than 3 centimeters, they can increase menstrual flow.
- Submucous: they are formed in the wall of the uterus, and towards the inside, they increase vaginal bleeding and pain during periods and affect fertility.
Can I get pregnant if I have a fibroid?
Considering what we have explained above, the first thing that is important to determine is what type of fibroid you must know if your fertility is compromised.
Subserosal fibroids do not affect fertility at all since they grow outside the uterus; however, if you suffer from submucosal fibroids, you run the risk of being infertile because a bulge inside the uterus can block the fallopian tubes, hinder or prevent the implantation of the ovum, in addition to increasing the risk of spontaneous abortions once pregnancy is achieved. The good news is that there are surgical treatments to remove the fibroids and ensure that the woman can become pregnant in these cases.
In the case of intramural fibroids, the most common, can block the birth canal and lead to a cesarean section; however, they rarely affect fertility, and some specialists indicate that to become a risk, they must have greater than 5 centimeters.
Is there any treatment for myoma infertility?
The reasons we do not get pregnant can be multiple, and however, if you have been diagnosed with subserous fibroids, it is most likely that this is the problem. Fortunately, there is a treatment for this condition: perform a hysteroscopy.
This surgical method is minimally invasive and outpatient. It enters the uterus through the vaginal route to extract the fibroid quickly and effectively. The response is primarily successful once the operation is carried out, and women can get pregnant without difficulty. Despite this, we must not forget that other causes can intervene in infertility and that it will be necessary to take them into account when planning pregnancy.
If, after a year of trying, the pregnancy does not occur, it will be necessary for the couple to visit a doctor to rule out other causes of infertility.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.