Condylomata acuminata, popularly known as genital warts, are one of the most common infections caused by some types of HPV, that is, the human papillomavirus, a sexually transmitted disease. It is estimated that at least half of people who lead an active sex life become infected with the virus that causes genital warts.
As the name implies, genital warts cause a condition in the moist tissues found in the genital area. These lumps in the intimate regions usually look like flesh-colored bumps of variable size. In some cases, the warts are so small that it is impossible to see them with the naked eye. The nodes are painless and can come out around the anus, vagina, testicles, penis, urethra, groin, or the inside of the thighs.
If you suspect that you may have an infection, you must consult a doctor. Meanwhile, FastlyHealwe provides you with all the information about condylomata acuminata: contagion, symptoms, and treatment.
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Ways of contagion of condylomata acuminata
Genital condylomatosis is considered one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases globally. Its contagion is produced with sexual contacts, to the point that only those people who have never had sexual intercourse can be considered risk-free. The contagion of human papillomavirus infection appears by direct contact with the skin or mucosa in people who have developed condylomata or are only carriers of the virus but have never developed any symptoms.
The main route of transmission of condylomata acuminata is through vaginal penetration. However, when practicing anal sex, an infection can also occur, although there is the possibility that the development of these warts in the anus is due to the drainage of fluids genitals with the virus to the area. At the same time, transmission through oral sex or digital-genital contact is rare.
On the other hand, these genital warts during pregnancy can cause vertical contagion, that is, from mother to child, although the risk of this is low. This infection to the baby can occur when it is still inside the uterus, due to the spread of condylomas or through the placenta, during delivery due to direct contact with the lumps, or immediately after birth due to poor hygienic care of the carrier.
Likewise, different situations can favor the spread of genital warts. Among them, the following stand out:
- Having sex with multiple partners
- Starting sexual life at an early age
- Have sex without a condom
- That your partner is infected with HPV
- Have other sexually transmitted diseases
- Not being circumcised
- Wearing other people’s underwear
- Abusing alcohol and tobacco, which by their effect decreases the defenses against these viruses
- Weakened immune system
- Have chronic inflammation of the cervix
- Multiple pregnancies
- Maintain a diet low in antioxidants, vitamin C, and folic acid.
Genital warts can appear from 6 weeks to 6 months after infection, that is, after having had sex with a person infected with HPV, even when they do not have visible condylomas.
Symptoms of acuminate condyloma
Condylomata alumina is bumping, called warts, located in the genital area. These lumps can be flesh-colored or greyish, flat or raised in structure. The size varies from very small, almost invisible, to large groups that are easily detected, and many specialists describe it as similar to the appearance of cauliflower.
- Generally, in men, these warts grow on the tip or shaft of the penis, in the scrotum, or the anus. Flat warts may begin on the foreskin, extending towards the glans and, finally, covering the scrotum and perineum, with more visible condylomas emerging in the last areas.
- On the female side, warts may or may not be flat and are usually found on the vulva and perineal area, with the possibility of spreading to the vagina and cervix; However, these areas are relative, although they could also develop in the thigh or groin and, in those who have practiced oral sex with an infected person, it can affect the throat or mouth.
While genital warts are painless, they cause other discomforts such as itching and burning at the affected area. In addition, other signs of condylomata acuminata that could be suffered are bleeding during intercourse or an abnormal, excessive, white, or yellowish vaginal discharge.
Treatments to cure condylomata acuminata
There are several alternatives for treating condylomata acuminata, which focus on eliminating warts. Among the most used methods are drugs, which can be antiviral drugs or strengthen the response of the patient’s immune system.
Another way is to use natural alternatives to remove genital warts, helping to reduce symptoms, although it is also possible that these bumps disappear on their own after a while; However, this depends on the severity of the condylomas, so you must consult a specialist before doing any home remedy you know or letting it run its course, as they could also increase in size or number.
Many specialists recommend treating genital warts with electricity, a scalpel, or cryotherapy, a procedure used to freeze warts and separate them from the body days later.
Finally, there is the surgical option, although it is not usually very common or recommended. The doctor may advise surgery only when the warts are extensive and do not respond to any other treatment or when it comes to condylomata acuminata during pregnancy, as the child could contact these bumps at birth and catch.
How to avoid condylomata acuminata
Prevention is the most effective way to protect yourself against genital warts, which is why it is recommended:
- Wash your hands properly if warts have been touched.
- Use a condom throughout the sexual act.
- Maintain relationships with a partner free of human papillomavirus or HPV.
- Avoid direct contact with condylomas.
- Get vaccinated against HPV.
- Do not self-medicate.
- Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol.
- Maintain a nutrient-balanced diet.
- Get frequent medical checkups.
The following article can learn everything you need to know about the HPV vaccine.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Condylomas acuminados: contagion, symptoms, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of the Female reproductive system.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.