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What is thyroid disease and what are its symptoms?

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland found in the front and on the sides of the windpipe, at the bottom of the larynx. When it usually works, it regulates different functions and activities in the body that affect metabolism through the secretion of thyroid hormones called triiodothyronine and trioxane. Thus, when a disease appears in this gland, it is customary to detect physical changes and problems, such as weight change, and emotional, such as sadness and depression.

Thus, the thyroid may not work correctly, as it can happen in any other part of the body, but luckily various signs show when this is happening. We can go to the doctor to diagnose what disease or condition we have and allow us to start an adequate treatment to regain health and lead an everyday life again. Continue reading this FastlyHealarticle to know well what thyroid disease is and its symptoms so that you can recognize them and go to the specialist.

What is thyroid disease?

In the thyroid, there can only be one disease and, therefore, when speaking of “thyroid disease,” it is convenient to clarify which one is talking about. Two conditions can affect the proper functioning of this gland: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

In both cases, it can be detected and adequately regulated to control them and to be able to regain good health. Depending on the cause of the imbalance of thyroid hormones, the problem can be fully treated, and the disease disappears, but, for the most part, the problem is lifelong, and you must follow some guidelines to regulate these levels and, thus, take an everyday life.

Symptoms of slow thyroid or hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a relatively frequent health problem that occurs more in women than in men, affecting fertility, among other things. Most of the symptoms of this condition are pretty easy to detect, and, therefore, it is convenient to know them and thus be able to begin to treat this condition of the low functioning of the thyroid gland. Thus, among the main signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism or slow thyroid, we find the following:

  • Constipation happens because the thyroid gland is too slow to secrete hormones, and the ability to regulate stool elimination is lost.
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • It decreased or lost smell and sense of taste.
  • Hair loss
  • Dryness of the skin, quickly appearing hardness and hair.
  • Brittle nails.
  • Lack of attention or concentration, as well as forgetfulness.
  • Joint and muscle pain.
  • Swelling and edema of the face, hands, and feet.
  • Significant weight gain and difficulty in reducing it even following diets.
  • Sadness and depression
  • Heavy menstruation.
  • Hoarseness and trouble were often sleeping throughout the night.
  • Cold intolerance, as the body temperature drops quickly due to the lack of sufficient production of thyroid hormones.
  • Bad or high LDL cholesterol.

It is vital that as part of the treatment indicated by the doctor, the diet for hypothyroidism is taken into account. It is also critical that if we are already under medicinal treatment to increase the rate of functioning of the thyroid gland, we do not take remedies or food to treat it without discussing it with the doctor. If we do it on our own, we could cause the opposite problem: a hyperthyroidism problem.

Symptoms of rapid thyroid or hyperthyroidism

As we have indicated, the opposite case of hypothyroidism is hyperthyroidism, a problem in which the thyroid gland also works poorly. Still, in this case, the gland works much faster than it should and, therefore, is it makes more thyroid hormones than the body needs. This malfunction causes other conditions and various symptoms that should be known to detect the thyroid condition and consult a doctor as soon as possible and treat ourselves. Indeed, it is also possible to control the disease and lead an everyday life in this case.

Thus, unlike hypothyroidism, one of the main symptoms of rapid thyroid is having diarrhea, but there are several other symptoms of hyperthyroidism or quick thyroid that we can recognize. They are all indicated below:

  • Goiter and thyroid nodules.
  • Frequent diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Significant weight loss and in a very short time without making an effort for it.
  • Increased appetite.
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Nervousness and irritability
  • Tachycardia and palpitations.
  • Physical and mental hyperactivity.
  • Tingling hands.
  • Sudden mood and mood swings.
  • Difficulty sleeping, even insomnia.
  • Fatigue and muscle weakness.
  • Excessive sweating
  • Redness of the skin.
  • Normal temperature is somewhat high, such as having a constant tenth of fever and even exuding heat.
  • Loss of hair.
  • Irregularity in menstruation and even sudden changes in the menstrual cycle.
  • Good cholesterol or low HDL.

As in the case of hypothyroidism, when you have a rapid thyroid, it is necessary to know what foods are good to treat the problem or at least prevent it from getting worse. But, again, it is vital to discuss with the doctor which diet for hyperthyroidism is appropriate in each case, always according to the medications taken and other aspects of the health of the person affected by this thyroid problem.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to What thyroid disease is and its symptoms, we recommend that you enter our Endocrine System category.

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