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What is the thyroid gland and what is it for

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

On more than one occasion, you will have heard about the thyroid, and it is even possible that you have had some disorder related to it. And it is that three out of every 100 Spaniards have a problem with this small gland located in the neck, below the “Adam’s apple” (the larynx). The thyroid can suffer alterations in its shape and size (thyroid nodules or goiter) or function (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism). In this FastlyHealarticle, we will discover what the thyroid gland is and what it is for, explaining the essential tasks that this part of the body performs.

What is the thyroid gland?

We started this article on what the thyroid gland is and what it is for to stop at the first concept: what it is. The thyroid is an internal secretion gland located in the anterior portion of the neck, in front of the esophagus, whose primary function is to produce thyroid hormones in multiple positions in the body, including the regulation of growth, intellectual development, maintenance of the corporal temperature, and also the metabolic ones on the proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

It is located just below the nut and is shaped like a butterfly. It is placed just in front of the trachea and reaches the lower part of the nut, up to the larynx. It is composed of different elements that we detail below:

  • Lobes: are the two parts of the thyroid and are located on each side of the trachea.
  • Isthmus: it is a small piece of tissue that is responsible for joining the two parts mentioned above (that is, the lobes)
  • Pyramidal lobe: it is a lobe that is related to the isthmus
  • Parathyroid glands: behind the thyroid is where we find these glands, which are usually 4 to 12.

The thyroid gland is made up of different follicles, and inside, it is where we find the cells that produce the hormones related to this gland.

In this other article, we discover the treatment of thyroid problems.

Thyroid gland function

We will now analyze what the thyroid gland is for to understand why it is an integral part of the body. It manufactures a type of hormone that manages to act to convert the food we eat into energy. Therefore, it must work correctly because, otherwise, we could be consuming foods whose nutrients are not assimilated perfectly by the body.

Therefore, the function of the thyroid regulates our body’s metabolism, making the ingredients we take are assimilated and burned as energy to be able to carry out daily activities. If this gland does not work correctly, that is when we can begin to experience health conditions such as, for example, gaining weight, feeling weak, suffering from drowsiness, headaches, etc. All these are symptoms associated with not having enough energy, something that, as we have seen, is responsible for processing the thyroid. Hormones produced by the thyroid

The hormones produced by the thyroid are responsible for regulating metabolism. Therefore, it is crucial that we know what they are:

  • Thyroxine (T4)
  • Triyodotironina (T3)

This gland uses iodine from food to produce hormones and, therefore, when we eat, it separates this component to be able to create and release these hormones responsible for our metabolism.

The work of these hormones affects a large number of physiological conditions, such as the following:

  • Heart rate
  • Cholesterol levels in the blood
  • Bodyweight
  • Muscle strength
  • Body energy
  • Regularity of menstruation
  • Memory capacity

The lack of energy in our body that can come from a malfunction of the thyroid gland can produce all these failures in our body and, therefore, it must have a correct functioning.

In this other article, we will discover the symptoms of thyroid problems that you should know.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to What is the thyroid gland and what is it for, we recommend that you enter our Endocrine System category.

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