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What does sweet smelling urine mean

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

People often go to the bathroom and do not notice what their urine looks like, color, or smell. Believe it or not, urine can give multiple clues to what is going on inside your body. Certain diseases or alterations can be diagnosed by employing their appearance, color, and smell.

In this sense, its color can tell you if you are hydrated or dehydrated. Keep in mind that when it smells sweet, it can indicate the presence of a metabolic condition known as diabetes.

It should be mentioned that the intake of different foods or medications can modify both the color and the smell of urine. You can use this to your advantage to orient yourself to what is happening in your body at a particular time.

Next, in this FastlyHealarticle, you will find all the information about the meaning of sweet-smelling urine.

What does the urine smell like?

Urine usually has a very mild odor. The opposite case will indicate that it is in the presence of an alteration in the organism.

Some foods can change the smell of urine when consumed. Among them are asparagus, which contains a sulfur compound with a foul odor that can end up altering it.

Similarly, some vitamin supplements, such as vitamin B6, can change the aroma of urine. If you are dehydrated and the substance in question is highly concentrated, your urine may have a strong ammonia odor.

Cardas of sweet-smelling urine

The sweet smell of urine occurs when the body is expelling chemicals through it, such as:

  • Bacteria
  • Glucose
  • Amino acids

In turn, sweet-smelling urine indicates the presence of a medical condition, including the following:

Urinary tract infections

Infections are common in the urinary system and occur because bacteria travel from the urethra to the urinary tract, leading to an infection.

One of the first symptoms to appear is the sweet or strong smell of urine, as this is where the bacteria are concentrated.

Hyperglycemia and diabetes

Hyperglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels are high, this is often seen in patients with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes.

When diabetes occurs, the smell of urine is usually sweet. It could even smell like fruits. This happens because the body tries to eliminate the sugar that is in the blood through the urine.

Diabetic cetoacidosis

This alteration is produced by a complication of diabetes, which can be fatal if it is not controlled in time. It occurs when blood sugar levels rise to more than 250 milligrams as a result of a shortage of insulin, which prevents the body from metabolizing sugar properly.

For this reason, the body’s response will be to burn the fatty acids that produce acidic ketone bodies. One sign of diabetic ketoacidosis is the sweet, fruity smell of breath and urine.

This alteration frequently occurs in type 1 diabetics. However, it can be evidenced in type 2 diabetics.

Maple syrup urine disease

This disease is the product of a metabolic disorder in which specific amino acids accumulate in the body. Often, this alteration is diagnosed during childhood and can be very harmful.

This condition smells sweet in the urine, so a specialist in metabolic diseases should treat it.


Lack of water intake can cause dehydration. This causes a higher concentration in the urine, causing its color to change. It can look very yellow or brown. In this way, its smell may be more pungent as well.

If you are dehydrated and have high glucose levels in your urine, the smell of the latter will be sweet.

Yeast infection

Fungi often affect the vagina causing infections. Unlike other conditions mentioned, this does not make urine smell, but it does change the smell of vaginal discharge, which becomes as sweet as honey, bread, or beer.

What to do if my urine smells sweet

If this is your case and you have sweet-smelling urine, you should go to a medical consultation with an internist or endocrinologist, the specialists in charge of this condition.

If, in addition to presenting a sweet smell in the urine, you offer a weakness of your immune system, you may have other alterations that put your life at risk.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to What does sweet-smelling urine means, we recommend that you enter our Endocrine System category.

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