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Leukocytosis: causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Leukocytes or also called white blood cells, are essential elements in our body, as they play a crucial role within the immune system. They are cells present in the blood that participate in the body’s response and defense when a foreign substance or agent attacks it; this means that it defends the body against infections. Its average count in a healthy person is 4000/11000 mm3. Sometimes this count is not at its intermediate level but is altered for some reason and produces a condition known as Leukocytosis. However, very few people understand what this means or why it originates, which is why in the following FastlyHealarticle, we will explain what Leukocytosis is, as well as its causes, symptoms, and treatment.

What is Leukocytosis

Leukocytosis is a condition in which there is an increase in white blood cells concerning normal levels within the blood circulation, which can be caused by physiological or pathological causes.

This condition can be diagnosed through routine blood tests. The exam will show an increase above 11000 mm3, which means that something is happening in the body.

It is classified according to the type of leukocyte affected; it can be neutrophilia (the most frequent), lymphocytosis, monocytosis, eosinophilia, and basophilia.

Causes of Leukocytosis

Leukocytes are produced from the bone marrow, and their increase is due to physiological or pathological processes. Generally, this increase is due to some problem within the bone marrow. However, its most common causes are:

  • Inflammation or infection
  • Bone marrow disorders (such as leukemia or thrombocytopenia ).
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Stress.
  • Smoke.
  • Hemorrhages (in the case of neutrophilia).
  • Drugs (such as corticosteroids).
  • Drugs (such as anticonvulsants and certain antibiotics).
  • Malignant tumors.

Leukocytosis: symptoms

Leukocytosis produces specific symptoms of the condition that is causing it; the most common may be the following:

  • Fever.
  • Presence of bruises.
  • I was bleeding (for example, in the case of neutrophilia, causing hypotension, tachycardia, or sepsis).
  • Soft spot.
  • General discomfort.
  • Loss of weight and appetite.
  • Difficult to breathe.
  • Difficulty thinking or seeing.
  • Dizziness.
  • Tingling sensation in arms, legs, and abdomen.
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue.
  • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, and cough (in case of eosinophilia).
  • Sore throat (sometimes).
  • Stiffness in joints (in some cases).
  • Anemia (causes an increase in basophils in the blood).
  • Hypothyroidism and diabetes (cause an increase in basophils in the blood).

Treatment for Leukocytosis

Once Leukocytosis has been diagnosed thorough medical history and laboratory tests, it will proceed to treat it. It is essential to make a good diagnosis since it will depend on the cause; for example: if the person is allergic or is consuming any medication that alters the process, that is why the treatment for Leukocytosis will depend on their symptoms and maybe the following :

  • The general treatment consists first in attacking the infection or diminishing the inflammation; it can be with antibiotics to attack the pathogens or corticosteroids orally.
  • In case of allergy, antiallergic medicines reduce symptoms and blood levels of white blood cells.
  • In the case of neutrophilia, it is necessary to attend a hematologist to evaluate the blood condition, and the doctor will decide what will be the treatment for that condition.
  • You should have a supplemental iron-based treatment under medical supervision in iron-deficiency anemia.
  • In other conditions, the administration of intravenous fluids is recommended to administer an additional liquid and increase the electrolytes in the body, helping the problem.
  • Another possible procedure is leukapheresis, which reduces the number of white blood cells. Blood is drawn from the body through an intravenous cannula; these are separated and removed; this blood can be injected into the blood again without the white blood cells and can also be tested through the laboratory.

In addition, it is necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid any disease.

If the person has leukemia, bone marrow transplantation is recommended.

It is recommended to go to the doctor if there is fever, general malaise, or bleeding that does not stop. If you are a man and have a painful erection, you should also see a doctor if you have dizziness or any symptoms mentioned above.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Leukocytosis: causes, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our Immune System category .

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