Home Teeth and mouthDental health Tongue fungus: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

Tongue fungus: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Many microorganisms inhabit the mouth or oral cavity of the human being, harmless most of the time. Still, they can become a severe problem in different predisposing factors. Some examples are a weakened immune system or poor oral hygiene, leading to significant issues. Tongue fungi are generally caused by a microorganism called Candida Albicans and can appear to anyone. This FastlyHealarticle will talk about tongue fungus, why it occurs, symptoms, treatments, and remedies to cure it.

Tongue fungus: Candida Albicans

Most cases of fungus on the tongue are described by Candida Albicans, a microorganism that lives inside the oral cavity naturally and that the immune system keeps under control and is practically harmless to humans. This condition does not have age discrimination and can affect children to adults. But really, why do fungi appear on the tongue? There are several reasons associated with the appearance of fungus on the language:

  • Stress: any emotional disorder can increase the possibility of suffering from a disease; pressure facilitates the growth of Candida Albicans by weakening the immune system.
  • Depressed immune system: a deficit in the defenses can generate infections in the oral cavity; this is also widely related to suffering from diseases such as HIV that directly affect the natural immune system of the body, increasing the risk of contracting infections such as fungus on the tongue. Oral candidiasis is the prototype of infection in HIV patients. Its incidence ranges from 62% in HIV patients to 95% in AIDS patients [1] .
  • Poor salivation: insufficient or scarce salivation affects the normal oral flora, conditioning, and environment where microorganisms such as candida Albicans can quickly grow.
  • Indiscriminate use of antibiotics: the abuse of antibiotics directly affects the body’s immune system, preventing them from acting on the growth of fungus on the tongue.
  • Vitamin deficiency: if there is any disease or a lack of vitamins and minerals, the necessary conditions will be created to develop fungus on the tongue.
  • Oral hygiene: improper hygiene in the oral cavity leads to the generation of Candida Albicans.
  • Hormonal changes: the woman’s life undergoes specific hormonal alterations; pregnancy and menopause are related to this, making it possible for the proliferation of fungi on the tongue.
  • Dental prostheses: generally, having dental prostheses favors the appearance of fungus on the tongue due to people’s inadequate oral hygiene; the dentist must indicate the appropriate way so that when having dental prostheses, there is optimal oral hygiene.
  • Type 2 diabetes: suffering from diabetes mellitus, a condition to the growth of fungi, sugar allows candida Albicans to develop much more quickly, favoring the permanence of fungi on the tongue.

Other risk factors that are related to the appearance of fungus on the tongue:

  • Consumption of alcohol and tobacco.
  • Cancer treatment with chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • Unhealthy eating.
  • Steroid treatment.

Candida albicans symptoms

There are characteristic symptoms that allow us to know that people suffer from fungus on the tongue. They can all appear at the same time or at least one of them; however, in the event of any strange manifestation, a visit to the dentist is essential for diagnosis and proper treatment :

  • White spots: a whitish coating on the tongue is the main symptom related to the presence of candida Albicans. Although many times the appearance of this layer is due to lack of hygiene, the appropriate way to differentiate the reason why the tongue has this characteristic is to brush the upper part of the tongue and determine that if it disappears, it is related to a lack of hygiene otherwise we are talking about Candida Albicans infection.
  • Mouth discharge: a characteristic discharge usually appears in the presence of fungi on the tongue; it is generally whitish, thick and creamy, rarely yellow, it all depends on the degree of infection.
  • Sores: in advanced stages of tongue fungus, sores can appear, a severe symptom of this condition. These blisters are painful and can bleed.

Other symptoms related to the presence of fungus on the tongue are:

  • Pain when eating or swallowing saliva.
  • Bleeding during brushing.
  • Burning and itching on the tongue or throughout the oral cavity.
  • Halitosis.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Unpleasant taste in the mouth.
  • Throat pain.

How can you treat tongue fungus?

Once the patient has been examined, the doctor will determine the appropriate treatment to eliminate the fungus on the tongue. The diagnosis is given simply with the physical evaluation of the patient, or sometimes the scraping of the language will be indicated to determine the presence of the fungus.

Generally, infants and young children often do not require a specific treatment to treat candida Albicans, saving this fungal tongue discomfort from extending for more than two weeks.

In adults, the ideal treatment is the application of antifungals such as:

  • In children, nystatin for 5 or 7 days, 1 to 2 ml of the suspension every 6 hours.
  • Clotrimazole 1 tablet every 6 hours until wholly dissolved for at least 14 days.

In severe cases of fungus on the tongue, it is recommended to use other antifungals such as:

  • Fluconazole at doses of 50 – 100 mg per day for 10 – 14 days.
  • Itraconazole at a dose of 100 mg once a day for 21 days.

How to prevent candida Albicans on the tongue

The best way to eliminate fungus from the tongue is to reduce the risk factors for its development, so it is recommended:

  • Brush the teeth and tongue after each meal when getting up and before sleeping.
  • Keep removable dentures well clean.
  • Use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
  • Reduce foods high in sugar and fat.

Natural remedies to eliminate tongue fungus

In addition to the medical treatment indicated by the specialist, some natural remedies can be used to alleviate the discomfort of the fungus on the tongue :

Sodium bicarbonate

Performing mouthwashes with sodium bicarbonate dissolved in water is an effective natural remedy to reduce fungus growth on the tongue. This should be done after each brushing.

Polo tea

Another beneficial treatment to eliminate candida Albicans from the tongue is pennyroyal tea, which contains properties that reduce the proliferation of fungi.


Garlic is considered an effective natural antifungal and a good option as a natural remedy in the presence of fungus on the tongue; it is recommended to introduce two cloves of garlic into the mouth, one on each side, for about half an hour, at least three times a day.

Plain yogurt

Natural probiotics are foods that contain healthy bacteria. Natural yogurt is one of them, and it can effectively fight against the growth of fungus on the tongue.

Tea tree oil

Another timely treatment for tongue fungus removal is tea tree oil. This effectively cures oral candidiasis on the tongue, so it is recommended to use it as a mouthwash by applying ten drops to half a glass of water.

Apple cider vinegar

Finally, apple cider vinegar is another home remedy for tongue fungus. This is thanks to the fact that it has antifungal properties that allow it to regulate the presence of fungi. Using a tablespoon of vinegar diluted in 8 ounces of water is recommended to ingest daily while the fungus persists.

The duration of the fungus on the tongue depends on the severity of the infection and the patient’s immune system. To respond to the presence of diseases, it is essential not to ignore the visit to the doctor and use the indicated and necessary treatments to improve this uncomfortable condition.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Tongue Fungi: why do they come out, symptoms, treatments and remedies , we recommend that you enter our Teeth and mouth category .

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