Hemoptysis is the medical name for the disorder of suffering expulsions or expectoration from the mouth of blood or, also, phlegm with the blood. Its origin can be found in respiratory pathologies, such as diseases of the mouth or the digestive system, so it is essential to visit a specialist urgently if you have a cough and expel blood through the mouth.
With the appearance of the blood, it is possible to identify where the alteration comes from; for example, generally, when it is a respiratory pathology, a bright red color is observed, bubbly, and it may be accompanied by mucus; however, a medical consultation is necessary.
FastlyHealwe wants you to know everything about coughing up blood: causes and treatment if you have a similar disorder.
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Cystic fibrosis, a cause of coughing up blood
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that causes the accumulation of mucus in the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, or some other parts of the body, and this mucus is generally thick and sticky.
This disorder is usually more common in children and young adults. It could be fatal, so you must see a doctor if you suffer from one or more of the symptoms associated with this pathology. Among which is weight loss for no apparent reason, nausea or loss of appetite, abdominal pain, increased gas, salty-tasting skin, and coughing up blood. While in the case of children, there is an inability to gain weight, absence of stools for more than 24 hours in a row, and growth retardation.
Lung cancer can cause coughing up blood.
Cancer is one of the essential disorders you develop when you lose control of a cell process, dividing and growing uncontrollably. In lung cancer, a tumor grows in this place and can spread to other body areas, so you must have regular checks to detect the disorder quickly.
The most common symptoms of lung cancer are:
- Having constant chest pain.
- Shortness of breath.
- Swelling of the neck and face.
- Loss of appetite.
- Suffering from a continuous cough accompanied by coughing up blood many times.
Pulmonary tuberculosis and hemoptysis are symptoms.
It is known as tuberculosis, a contagious infection produced by bacteria and directly affects the lungs, although it is possible that it later spreads to other organs.
As it is a manageable disease to transmit, it is essential that if you know someone who is suffering from this disorder and you see similar symptoms, you visit a doctor. You should take into account, mainly, if you have difficulty breathing, fever, weight loss, fatigue, chest pain, and cough that can appear with mucus and blood.
Systemic lupus erythematosus, another reason for coughing up blood
It is called systemic lupus erythematosus, known as LES, an autoimmune disorder. In this disorder, your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its existing healthy tissue. It can affect your skin, kidneys, brain, joints, and other organs.
Although the exact cause of the disease is unknown, it is usually more common in people between 15 and 44 years of age, blacks, and Asians. However, many consider that different drugs can generate this. The main symptoms of SLE that you may notice are sensitivity to sunlight, fatigue, fever with no other apparent cause, hair loss, chest pain, and mouth ulcers, so it can be another cause of coughing up blood.
Bronchoscopy with biopsy could cause hemoptysis
Bronchoscopy is an exam in which the airways can be observed, and that serves to be able to diagnose lung diseases with more precision. In bronchoscopy with biopsy, a very thin, lighted probe is inserted through your nose or mouth to collect fragments of lung tissue that can significantly help the doctor.
The principal risks of this study are, mainly, infections and bleeding in the area where it is performed. If you have recently had a bronchoscopy and you cough up blood, that may be the reason.
Other causes of coughing up blood
Other disorders can cause hemoptysis, among which are:
- Blood clot in the lung.
- Pulmonary aspiration is the inhalation of blood into the lungs.
- Injury to the pulmonary arteries.
- Throat irritation from solid coughing.
Treatment for coughing up blood
Since coughing up blood is not considered a disease in itself but is generally a symptom of various pathologies, whether respiratory or digestive, treatment will be limited to directly addressing the disorder that causes it. Is causing.
The treatment you should follow will depend on what the doctor considers the most appropriate option to eliminate the disease and the symptoms it causes. These can be administered, inhaled medicines, antibiotics, and transplants.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.