Home men's HealthPenile diseases Balanoposthitis: what is it, causes, symptoms and treatment

Balanoposthitis: what is it, causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Balanoposthitis is an inflammation of the glans and foreskin that can be caused by many factors, from genital hygiene to the type of sexual intercourse, among others. This condition can vary according to your genetic predisposition and the state of your immune system.

In this FastlyHealarticle, you will learn much more about balanoposthitis: what it is, its causes, symptoms, and treatment, a problem that affects male sexual health.

What is balanoposthitis

Balanoposthitis is an inflammatory process at the level of the glans, which is known as balanitis, and of the foreskin. The union of both inflammatory processes is what is called balanoposthitis.

It is caused by local irritation or trauma to the male genitalia. However, it occurs more frequently due to infections caused by poor intimate hygiene.

Balanopostitis: causes

The causes of balanoposthitis are multiple, but the main one is of infectious origin:

  • Infections of fungal originCandida albicans is a fungus that produces an infectious process, and most of the time, it is acquired sexually. The humidity allows the proliferation of the fungus, increases the risk of developing the infection.
  • Bacterial infections: such as those produced by Streptococci, Staphylococci, Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, or the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), give rise to conditions that trigger balanoposthitis.
  • Lack of hygiene: the lack of intimate hygiene in the genital area, much more frequently in men who have not been circumcised, is the most common cause of the appearance of this alteration. There is an accumulation of dirt by the remains of urine or sperm in the area of ​​the glans and foreskin, which leads to inflammation.
  • Irritations in the glans and foreskin area due to soaps, perfumes, creams, or condoms that contain chemical substances capable of triggering an inflammatory process.
  • Dermatological diseases: psoriasis, lichen sclerosis, reactive arthritis, or pemphigus are some of the illnesses capable of triggering skin disorders, leading to the appearance of balanoposthitis.
  • Systemic diseases: Diabetes mellitus triggers balanoposthitis due to elevated blood glucose levels.
  • Postcoital or traumatic hypersensitivity: this is observed after traumatic sexual intercourse or excess friction at the level of the genitals.

Symptoms of balanoposthitis

The symptoms of balanoposthitis will depend on the cause that is giving rise to this alteration:

  • Inflammation in the glans is accompanied by reddish discoloration, itching, and pain.
  • White spots on the glans and foreskin are more frequent when the cause is a fungal infection.
  • Presence of rashes and small spots like macules and papules. There are cases where the injuries can become more severe and reach blisters, ulcers or fissures accompanied by discharge with a bad smell.
  • Difficulty retracting the foreskin.
  • Pain during urination

How to diagnose balanoposthitis

Balanoposthitis is very easy to diagnose. It only requires:

  • A physical exam: the genital area will be inspected to ensure the existence of the injury.
  • Taking a sample of the secretion if it exists and carrying out a urine culture, in this way, the presence of a bacterial, fungal or viral infection is ruled out.

In this case, the urologist, the treating physician, will be in charge of requesting the necessary tests to reach the definitive diagnosis of this alteration.

Balanoposthitis: treatment

Once the diagnosis is established, the doctor will proceed to indicate the treatment of balanoposthitis according to the detected cause:

  • Initially, the doctor will recommend keeping the glans and foreskin clean and not using irritating products, such as scented soap, which can cause an injury to the penis area.
  • Suppose it is a balanoposthitis caused by a bacterial infection. In that case, topical antibiotics should be used to apply to the injured area, and, in more severe cases, the oral route is recommended.
  • If it is candidal balanoposthitis, antifungals will be indicated, and the couple will be treated if they have symptoms.
  • When balanoposthitis is the product of irritants or drugs, the intake of the drug or irritant is eliminated, and the application of topical corticosteroids or moisturizers is indicated.
  • In cases where this alteration occurs recurrently, or there is the presence of phimosis and paraphimosis, a surgical resolution will be carried out. In this case, it is about circumcision. With this surgical procedure, the foreskin of the penis is removed.

How to prevent balanoposthitis

To prevent the appearance of balanoposthitis, the following recommendations should be followed :

  • Daily cleaning of the genitals and glans.
  • Using a condom during intercourse in this way, the spread of sexually transmitted diseases or another type of infectious process is prevented.

If your partner is affected by a vaginal yeast infection, you should avoid sexual intercourse until it is completely cured.

Similarly, it is necessary to control systemic diseases, such as diabetes or immunosuppression, which can predispose to the development of balanoposthitis.

Prevention and medical control are essential to avoid the recurrence of this alteration. If necessary, go to the urologist. He will guide you in the steps to follow to prevent or cure balanoposthitis.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Balanoposthitis: what it is, causes, symptoms, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Male reproductive system.

You may also like

Leave a Comment