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Thrombosed external hemorrhoids: causes, symptoms, treatment and duration

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Thrombosed external hemorrhoids are a complication of a simple hemorrhoidal condition. The consequence is usually a group of bad habits that precipitate the appearance of hemorrhoids and that, if not treated in time, can end up developing into thrombosed external hemorrhoids.

This alteration occurs very frequently in sedentary people or those who remain for long periods performing an activity in the same position. All this contributes to the appearance of this disease that must be treated by specialists in surgery or expert proctologists in the area, in addition to putting certain preventive measures into practice to avoid the recurrence of the disease. In this FastlyHealarticle you will learn what thrombosed external hemorrhoids are : causes, symptoms, treatment and duration .

What are hemorrhoids?

Also known as piles, they are inflamed veins at the level of the anus , specifically in the lower part of the rectum. It should be noted that its specific origin is unknown.

Thrombosed external hemorrhoids are a kind of pad where the veins of the anal canal meet. In cases where external pressure is exerted on this area or there is weakness in the sphincter, it can become inflamed and cause discomfort. In this sense, thrombosed are a very painful type of hemorrhoid. Depending on their location and characteristics, there are different types of hemorrhoids :

  • Internal hemorrhoids : are those that are located inside the rectum. They are a type of hemorrhoids that rarely cause discomfort, they cannot be seen or felt. However, sometimes straining to pass stool can break the surface of the hemorrhoid which can cause this to bleed.
  • Prolapsed hemorrhoids : the same effort when defecating, can make the hemorrhoid come out of the anus, causing pain and in some cases irritation.
  • External hemorrhoids: These are hemorrhoids that are located under the skin around the anus. Its most common symptoms are irritation and bleeding.
  • Thrombosed hemorrhoids: They are a type of external hemorrhoids, and they occur when blood accumulates in one of these hemorrhoids and a clot or thrombus forms. Among its symptoms we find intense pain, inflammation and an increase in volume of a hard consistency around the anus.

Thrombosed external hemorrhoids are a complication of simple hemorrhoids where it has become trapped in the external part of the internal sphincter of the anus due to its contraction, which produces an accumulation of venous blood that cannot leave the hemorrhoidal vein due to the pressure that produces the sphincter. In this way, the formation of the blood clot is caused, thus causing severe pain and a change in color in the area.

Thrombosed external hemorrhoids: causes

The main cause of a thrombosed external hemorrhoid is the complication of a simple one , there are also other factors such as:

  • Constipation : this is due to the pressure exerted by the stool when evacuating the intestine, these are hard and can cause bleeding and pain during its exit.
  • Pregnancy and Obesity: both produce increased pressure in the pelvic floor.
  • Hereditary factors: it is a predisposition that increases the appearance of this alteration.
  • Bad postures : staying in the same position for a long time either standing or sitting, this causes the anal sphincter to weaken.
  • Too much force : either when defecating or holding the urge to defecate.
  • Anal sex .

Symptoms of thrombosed external hemorrhoids

The symptoms that accompany this alteration are evident once they appear:

  • Bleeding: this occurs at the exit of feces through the anus, blood stains are observed when cleaning with toilet paper.
  • Pain: occurs during bowel movements or when you are in the same position for a long time.
  • Inflammation : around the anus.
  • Irritation : which is accompanied by itching in the anal region.
  • Increase in volume : in the anal region, which also causes an increase in sensitivity and is very painful.

Thrombosed external hemorrhoids: treatment

Thrombosed external hemorrhoids: natural treatment

Conventional treatment for thrombosed hemorrhoids is based on non-invasive natural therapies. In fact, it is the one that is done before the symptoms are too painful and uncomfortable. In many cases, hemorrhoids can resolve spontaneously by following a series of tips. Conservative treatment for thrombosed hemorrhoids consists of:

  • Take sitz baths.
  • Apply cold compresses or ice locally to relieve symptoms.
  • Prescription of painkillers to reduce pain.
  • Make changes in eating habits by increasing fiber consumption in order to soften the stool and thus make defecation less traumatic.

Medical treatment of thrombosed hemorrhoids

On the other hand, hemorrhoid reduction can be done manually. This procedure is carried out during the medical consultation, for this analgesia is used in the anal area since it is a very painful procedure. With the reintroduction of the hemorrhoids to the cavity, the pressure exerted by the anal sphincter is reduced and venous circulation is restored at the level of the hemorrhoidal veins. The disadvantage of this procedure is that their recovery is longer and there may be greater recurrence episodes this compared to those who undergo a surgical procedure.

The application of surgical treatment is recommended by the surgeon in cases where the pain is very high and requires the evacuation of the clot by means of surgery. This is performed in the operating room on an outpatient basis and under local or general anesthesia depending on the injury and the patient.

This produces immediate relief of symptoms , it is recommended to take sitz baths and the consumption of analgesics to control pain between 7 and 10 days after the procedure is performed. With the latter, the appearance of new thrombosed hemorrhoids and complications is prevented.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids: duration

Once conventional treatment is started, the thrombus is reabsorbed over a period of weeks ; the pain improves after 2 or 3 days and the increase in volume in about 1 week. It is a matter of 1 to 2 weeks after the treatment carried out to solve the problem. However, the most important thing is to carry out prevention to avoid reaching this situation. Among the care and preventive measures that you should take into account to prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids are:

  • Eat foods rich in fiber .
  • Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water a day to make the stool softer.
  • Practice physical exercise daily.
  • Avoid using undue force to prevent increased pressure in the veins at the level of the rectum.
  • Avoid staying in the same position for a long time, especially if it is sitting.

Do not hesitate to go to your doctor after the diagnosis, he will guide you in the therapy to follow according to the symptoms you have and the clinical picture you present.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Duration , we recommend that you enter our Digestive System category .

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