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Respiratory allergies: symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Respiratory allergies are a big spring enemy that affects large numbers of people. Plant and pollen can generate allergic reactions to air and contact yearly. Several conditions can manifest with respiratory allergies, such as rhinitis, bronchial asthma, and alveolitis; the latter is usually the least known. Other types of allergies can be triggered by contact with other agents, such as the hair of certain animals, mites, foods, and medications, which can lead to other symptoms other than respiratory problems. However, in this FastlyHealarticle, we will focus on the signs and treatments of respiratory allergies.

Symptoms of respiratory allergies

Respiratory allergies can be classified into three main groups, and each of them can present different symptoms and others that coincide.


The rhinitis symptoms affect the nose area more since the mucous membranes lining its interior becomes inflamed and irritated.

  • Inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
  • Itching in the nose, eyes, mouth, throat, skin, or other areas.
  • Rhinorrhea Inflammation of the nasal mucosa and the accumulation of mucus causes a runny nose.
  • Smell problems: The same collection of mucus and inflammation of the nasal mucosa can decrease the smell.
  • Conjunctivitis. Inflammation of the lining of the eye.
  • Coughing and sneezing
  • Plugged ears.
  • Throat pain.
  • Swelling of the bags under the eyes.
  • Headache and irritability.

Bronchial asthma

In this case, respiratory allergy mainly affects the lungs and the lower respiratory system.

  • Wheezing Whistling sound produced during breathing as a result of airway obstruction.
  • To.
  • Secretions Presence of mucus usually manifests in phlegm, so it has a denser composition.
  • Dyspnoea. Breathing difficulties due to inflammation and obstruction of the airways.


The symptoms affect the final part of the respiratory system, specifically the alveoli. Triggers are not pollen or mold but relatively certain foods or components.

  • Cough. It is usually dry, so there is no mucus.
  • Dyspnoea. One of the leading causes of this pulmonary disease is difficulty breathing normally.
  • Fever.
  • I am shaking chills.
  • General discomfort.
  • Weightloss.

Causes of respiratory allergies

Respiratory allergies and their symptoms can derive from different agents, so that the symptoms will vary depending on the person responsible, and the respiratory disease will be other.

  • Polen. With the arrival of spring, pollen is one of the main culprits for rhinitis and bronchial asthma. These particles flow through the atmosphere and are subsequently deposited on the ground during this season.
  • Mites and dust. It is inevitable to avoid that the home contains dust, made up of different components, both human and animal, especially hair, skin, and mold. It is one of the leading causes of respiratory allergies.
  • Fungi. Another cause of respiratory allergy is fungi. These coexist in the human environment and expand quickly. When a person inhales spores, substances found in the air and through which fungi reproduce, they suffer from rhinitis and bronchial asthma.
  • Animals. Many people with respiratory allergies suffer their symptoms when they contact animals. Usually, the person is not allergic to all animal hair but can be affected by that of the dog, cats, horses, or birds.
  • Insects. Similarly, certain insects can cause allergic reactions, especially bees and wasps.
  • Snuff . Tobacco contains substances that increase allergy symptoms, especially nasal, ocular, and bronchial mucosa irritation. In addition, smoking or secondhand smoke can significantly increase your chances of suffering from bronchial asthma.
  • Food. Certain foods, such as eggs, milk, nuts, and shellfish, also trigger respiratory allergy problems.

Allergy treatment

The symptoms of respiratory allergies can be treated in different ways, with the administration of certain drugs being the most effective and most used today.

The anihestamínicos provided to prevent the release of the substance causing allergic symptoms, known as histamine. This type of medicine contains allergic conditions such as rhinitis, so it also prevents the presence of its symptoms. Likewise, corticosteroids can be administered orally, systemically, injected, or nasally. In the case of asthma, the systemic route is the most effective; when the person suffers from rhinitis, the nasal passage is the most suitable, and sprays are the best for bronchial asthma. Especially in the springtime, aerosols are the most used to facilitate breathing.

Prevention of respiratory allergies

Despite the existence of treatments to avoid the symptoms of respiratory allergies, we can take into account a series of guidelines that can help prevent exposure to the agents that cause allergies, especially in spring.


  • Take into account that the highest pollen concentrations occur in the morning and the evening. So it is advisable to avoid activities at these times, such as going for a run.
  • Try not to frequent the areas where pollen can be more concentrated, such as parks, gardens, or areas with a high presence of vegetation. Mountain excursions, for example, are not highly recommended.
  • An excellent way to prevent symptoms from becoming accentuated or starting when we get home after being on the street is to shower to remove pollen from our hair or other body parts, such as the face, neck, and hands. Washing clothes is also a good option.
  • Avoid having plants in the house that are prone to generating allergies.


  • It is essential to keep clean those elements of the house that tend to accumulate dust, such as furniture surfaces, shelves, pictures, etc.
  • Avoid floors that allow the accumulation of mites, such as carpets and rugs. The best surfaces are wood and ceramic.
  • Try always to keep clothes in a closet, since if it is kept outside, they can accumulate mites.
  • The pillows must be covered with waterproof fabrics since they are susceptible to accumulating many mites. Also, washing the sheets frequently is an excellent option to avoid the accumulation of mites.

Animals and insects

  • We must avoid contact with animals that cause allergies and not have pets that lead to respiratory allergies. People are often allergic to the hair of certain animals, such as cats, dogs, horses, and allergies to birds can also develop.
  • Some insects like bees and wasps can trigger allergic reactions. Therefore, avoiding going to places where they are usually present, such as swimming pools, natural environments, and parks, can prevent problems with respiratory allergies.
  • Those who have a severe allergy should carry auto-injectable epinephrine.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Respiratory allergies: symptoms and treatment, we recommend that you enter our Lung and respiratory tract category .

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