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Hypospermia: definition, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Have you heard of hypospermia? Many men wonder what it is and what it could be its causes. It is often confused with another similar medical condition called oligospermia. However, they differ since hypospermia alone is not a cause of infertility unless associated with low sperm concentration.

If you are concerned because you have noticed that your ejaculation volume is insufficient, at FastlyHealwe invite you to read the following article on hypospermia: definition, causes, and treatment, where you will find all the information you need to know.

What is hypospermia

Hypospermia is a male medical condition characterized by a low amount of semen during ejaculation. The World Health Organization, in 2010, established that the average seminal volume should be greater than 1.5 milliliters, and values ​​below are considered abnormal [1].

Semen is made up of sperm and secretions from various glands of the male reproductive system. In the ejaculation process, most seminal fluid comes from the seminal vesicles, 30% from the prostate, and the rest from the testes, epididymis, and bulbourethral glands.

Having this alteration is not synonymous with infertility. If you have a good concentration of sperm and only the volume, that is the problem, and there are some ways to solve it.

Causes of hypospermia

At present, researchers maintain several causes that can cause alterations in the volume of semen and reproductive capacity of men.

The first things related to a low volume in semen production are prostate problems and alterations in the seminal vesicles. Which are located behind the prostate gland and is where the most significant amount of semen comes from. Several causes and factors can decrease the volume of semen. Here are some causes of hypospermia:

  • Retrograde ejaculation: This alteration can be caused by a deformity in the urethra, increased prostate volume, or after prostate surgery. Part of the semen passes into the urinary bladder after ejaculation. That is, they travel in the opposite direction.
  • Very close relationships: If you perform a semen analysis after a short period of abstinence (approximately one day), this can alter the results since it will cause a low volume of semen. Testing again with a more extended period of abstinence can fix the volume error in sperm collection.
  • Anatomical problems: the unilateral absence of seminal vesicles and vas deferens, which is due to genetic diseases, and when it is bilateral, it causes sterility in man.
  • Clogged passages: infections or inflammatory diseases such as gonorrhea, prostatitis, epididymitis, orchitis, among other ducts, can clog, preventing proper progression of the semen.
  • Hormonal deficiency: the deficiency of testosterone, a male hormone that plays an essential role in sexual appetite and sperm production, can cause hypospermia.
  • Nerve injuries: Any damage to the nerves in the penis can cause loss of nerve impulses, leading to low semen volume.
  • Postoperative: patients who have problems urinating and undergo bladder neck surgery may present with hypospermia.

Risk factors for hypospermia

At present, several risk factors that can also cause hypospermia have been associated, such as:

  • Age older than 30 or 40 years.
  • Smoke.
  • Obesity.
  • Environmental factors such as exposure to lead or radiation.
  • Unhealthy lifestyles.
  • Traumas were testicular.
  • Drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Stress and psychological problems.

Hypospermia treatment

The doctor will evaluate you and order several tests to verify that you suffer from hypospermia. The tests include a semen analysis ( spermogram ).

This lab test is simple and will determine the color, consistency, density, chemical composition, and several sperm in the sperm. The medical evaluation and tests will guide the doctor to choose the best treatment. Among the methods of treating hypospermia, we have:

  • If the hypospermia is mild and there are no other associated causes, it is recommended that rectal stimulation of the prostate be applied during sexual intercourse.
  • When it is caused by an infectious or inflammatory process, drugs are indicated to improve the condition and increase male sexual performance.
  • Surgical treatment is indicated in case of retrograde ejaculation, obstruction of the ducts, or problems with the bladder neck.
  • In some cases, it may be necessary for hypospermia to be advanced and cause infertility to resort to assisted reproductive techniques such as programmed intrauterine insemination, in vitro fertilization, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

How to prevent hypospermia

There is no specific way to avoid hypospermia. However, certain measures can help prevent ejaculatory duct obstruction or retrograde ejaculation.

  • Receive prompt treatment for male reproductive tract infections.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Limit alcohol and drug use.
  • Reduce the habit of smoking.
  • Reduce stress levels.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Hypospermia: definition, causes, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Male reproductive system.



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