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Factors that affect male fertility

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Some people who have problems conceiving tend to think that the problem is with the man. This thought can be correct on some occasions since several factors can influence the production of sperm and, as a consequence, its quality and the chances of conceiving. In addition, other aspects are beyond our control and can be decisive when the woman becomes pregnant, such as diseases that affect the reproductive organ. In this FastlyHealarticle we inform you about those factors that affect male fertility.

General features

When conceiving a child, both men and women must meet a series of requirements that allow fertilization to occur. In the case of men, infertility problems usually account for between 30% and 40% of cases. For a woman to become pregnant, a man’s sperm needs a minimum amount of sperm, and their mobility has to be adequate. In most cases, infertility problems in men are due to issues in the proper functioning of the testicles, as well as hormonal imbalances or obstruction of sperm mobility.

Do not forget that fertility problems can be caused by a disease that affects the production and transport of sperm, so the intervention of a specialist in these cases is essential to treat the condition.

Next, we will explain some of the factors that can affect the quality of sperm and, as a consequence, the fertility of the man.

Obesity and poor diet

Food is a factor that has a decisive influence on the quality of sperm. A diet rich in processed meat and fatty dairy can lower quality semen. On the contrary, regularly consuming fruits and vegetables contributes to antioxidants such as vitamins A, C, B-12, and E, arginine, selenium, and carnitine. Vegetables, whole grains, legumes, seafood, meat, fish, eggs, and dairy products contain folic acid and zinc, which are very beneficial for the quality of semen. IN this article, we recommend some foods to increase sperm.

Obesity is another factor affecting the fertility of a man. Obesity is usually accompanied by a poor diet, scarce in fruits and vegetables, so a deficiency of the vitamins mentioned earlier will occur. Some studies have shown that the sperm count is lower in obese men.

Tobacco and alcohol

We all know the harmful effects of tobacco, a product that contains toxic chemicals that significantly affect health. In addition, smoking is also a factor that can affect a woman’s fertility, generating adverse effects on the uterus. Marijuana is a substance that hurts the quality of sperm, reducing their concentration and mobility. If the man also smokes and drinks alcohol, the negative effect multiplies, further decreasing the excellent quality of the sperm. Although low alcohol consumption does not have to affect decisively, it has been shown that its consumption regularly reduces fertility.

In addition, certain antidepressants also influence male fertility since they make sperm slower.

Strict exercises and stress

Although we previously explained that obesity was a problem for men’s fertility, it has also been shown that those sports that require strict training can have adverse effects on sperm. Sperm quality is impaired in certain professional athletes by tight clothing, constant pressure with the bike saddle, friction, and increased temperature.

On the other hand, stress is also part of the factors affecting male fertility. Some studies have shown that those men who feel stressed are more likely to experience alterations in the sperm, reducing its concentration, mobility, and morphology.

Other tips for fertility

Other aspects to take into account to avoid the fertility of the man being harmed are the following:

  • Tight clothing. Tight clothing, such as underwear or clothing used for some sports, should be avoided as much as possible. This garment can influence male fertility, damaging sperm production and its quality.
  • Radiation. Exposure to X-rays or radiation and heavy metals or pesticides reduces sperm production and, in some cases, can lead to infertility.
  • Control the temperature. Exposing the testicles to high temperatures for long periods, such as bathing with hot water or using the hot tub regularly, can also lead to difficulties in sperm production.
  • Vitamin supplements . Taking zinc, folic acid, and selenium supplements can contribute to sperm production and quality.

See a specialist

Although taking these factors into account can contribute to maintaining correct fertility, we must consider that sometimes infertility problems can occur in women or that there are other causes behind fertility problems. For this reason, it is recommended to go to a specialist when the period in which you try to conceive exceeds one year. Going to a urologist will allow reviewing the physical conditions of the man that intervene infertility.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Factors that affect male fertility , we recommend that you enter our category of Male reproductive system .

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