Have you ever heard of eosinophils? They are cells part of the blood, a type of white blood cell essential for the immune system. The immune system is responsible for defending the body from parasites, viruses, and bacteria.
The name of this blood cell is because it is stained with a dye called eosin. The increase or decrease of these cells in the blood is measurable and gives rise to symptoms and signs. In addition, eosinophil levels describe the activity of the immune system and tell us about the training and functions of our body. These eosinophils are made in the bone marrow and are carried throughout the body by the blood. In this FastlyHealarticle, you will learn what eosinopenia is: causes, symptoms, and treatment.
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What is eosinopenia?
Eosinopenia is known as the decrease in blood eosinophils below their average value. Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell responsible for fulfilling functions in the immune system regulating diseases such as asthma or even allergies. It is essential to know the average values of this cell in the blood since, in this way, it will be possible to show its high or low values. With this indicator and the symptoms that appear, it will be possible to make an accurate diagnosis.
Normal blood eosinophil values
Using a leukogram, it will be possible to know the normal levels this cell has in the body. This analysis is obtained using hematology, where the number of white cells present in the body is also evidenced. The average values of eosinophils in the blood are:
- Absolute value: 40 to 500 cells / ml of blood. This means the total number of eosinophils in the blood.
- Relative value: 1 to 5%. Represents the percentage of eosinophils compared to other cells present in the leukogram).
The causes that give rise to eosinopenia are very varied. That is why it is recommended to go to a specialist, who will be in charge of finding the precise cause that is causing the low levels of eosinophils in the blood.
Among the most common causes of eosinopenia are infections. Once infected with an infectious process, measures must be taken and treated immediately to prevent its advance in the body. Eosinophils are responsible for fighting contagious techniques. In cases where the infection is extreme, the levels of eosinophils in the peripheral blood drop. Some of the most common conditions that cause eosinopenia are:
- Skin infections
- Urinary infections.
- Vaginal infections
- Diseases are produced by bacteria that affect any part of the body.
- Frequent genital infections.
Beyond infections, other diseases and conditions that can lower blood eosinophil levels are:
- Cushing’s disease: a disease of endocrine origin caused by the alteration of adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion from the pituitary gland.
- Use of corticosteroids: used to counteract allergies, asthma, and inflammatory processes capable of producing a decrease in the levels of eosinophils in the blood.
- Aplastic anemia: The bone marrow and stem cells are damaged in this type of anemia.
- AIDS: this disease is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which affects the immune system by producing a significant decrease in eosinophils.
- Stress: either from trauma, surgery, or physical exercise.
- Autoimmune diseases: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, a condition that affects the immune system.
- Parasitic diseases: such as Toxoplasma gondii or Plasmodium.
- Dermatitis or pemphigus: both are the product of disorders in the immune system.
All these alterations are capable of depressing the immune system. In this way, the organism becomes susceptible to any foreign agent that enters it.
The symptoms of eosinopenia are very varied, and we explain which are the main ones:
- Difficulty breathing.
- Chest tightness.
- Skin lesions.
- Increase in volume at the facial level.
- Eye redness
Low eosinophils: how to raise them
There is no specific treatment for eosinopenia, but the symptoms and signs of the diseases that could be triggering the decrease in eosinophil levels must be treated. It is not a disease. It is simply the warning of an infectious process installed in the body.
General measures should be taken to strengthen the immune system and directly treat the disease that gave rise to eosinopenia. In addition, it is essential to maintain certain habits to raise low eosinophils :
- Implement a good, healthy, natural diet with foods rich in fiber that contribute to the patient’s well-being and strengthen the immune system.
- Eliminate harmful habits such as drugs, alcohol, tobacco, or excessive stress.
- Improve sleep habits by sleeping 8 hours a day each night or the hours required by the body.
Once the precise diagnosis of the disease that gave rise to eosinopenia has been obtained, treatment must be started to combat the disease. In this way, the eosinophil levels will return to their average values without requiring specific action. The effectiveness of the treatment will depend on the speed with which the disease-causing alteration is detected and the body’s response once the therapy is carried out.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Eosinopenia: what it is, causes, symptoms, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Blood, heart, and circulation.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.