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Rhinitis: types, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is characterized by a constant runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes, and loss of smell. This disorder can be caused by allergens such as pollen, mold, or contact with animals; it is usually temporary and is a reaction of our immune system to these organisms. The constant suffering of Rhinitis should be a reason for medical consultation to prevent more serious diseases. At FastlyHealwe, explain the types, symptoms, and treatment of Rhinitis.

Types of Rhinitis

When you suffer from this disorder, what happens is that the tissue that lines the nasal cavity becomes inflamed; this can appear at certain times of the year as being caused by other factors. To identify them, we need to know the types of Rhinitis:

  • Allergic Rhinitis: it is also called hay fever, and seasonal and perennial Rhinitis is subdivided into two types. Seasonal Rhinitis is characterized by an allergic reaction to some external agents such as pollen or depends on the time of the year in which the allergen is present in the atmosphere. Other people have symptoms throughout the year, and it is due to internal organisms, that is, mites, dust, cigarette smoke, pets, and mold that are present in the spaces where the patient develops daily; this Rhinitis is known as perennial.
  • Non-allergic Rhinitis: the common symptoms of Rhinitis can occur, but not allergies, generally begin in adulthood, and can be triggered by hormonal variations, as in the case of pregnancy, dry environments, and some pathologies such as diabetes and hypothyroidism or because the nasal mucosa is atrophied.

Rhinitis symptoms

It must be taken into account that allergic Rhinitis can be hereditary and with greater probability if it is the mother who suffers from it. The most common symptoms of Rhinitis are:

  • Sneezing
  • Itchy nose and throat
  • Crying eyes
  • Nasal congestion
  • Smell problems

There may be other symptoms that develop later, such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Swelling under the eyes
  • Top

Treatment for Rhinitis

An allergist or immunologist will be the specialist in charge of diagnosing Rhinitis; in principle, they will ask you a series of questions about the symptoms you present and if there is any variation in these, according to the season of the year or exposure to some organisms. The skin tests will be the test that will determine if you suffer from some Rhinitis; you can also do blood tests in which the levels of the substance that is causing this disorder will be measured.

In many cases, the treatment will depend on the type of Rhinitis you present. In the case of allergic rhinitis or hay fever, the main thing will be to avoid the agent that causes the allergy. Likewise, the treatment will consist of:

  • Antihistamines: used when the allergy is infrequent or does not last long, they can cause drowsiness, and some come in aerosol form. It is always advisable to consult with your doctor about using these medications.
  • Corticosteroids: it is more effective, mainly when used continuously; they can also be obtained as an aerosol.
  • Decongestants: can relieve symptoms but should not be used for more than three days.
  • Vaccines: are administered when the symptoms are uncontrollable; what is done is regularly inject the agent to which one is allergic, causing the body to get used to it.

In the case of non-allergic Rhinitis, nasal sprays will also be administered since what is tried in these cases is to avoid blockages in the nose and secretions. If there is internal damage, such as narrow ducts or deviated partitions, surgery may be necessary.

Precautionary measures

Other measures can be taken into account to prevent allergies so that Rhinitis is not so severe. Here are some recommendations:

  • Shower after being exposed to pollen or allergens that cause allergies, and when washing your clothes, try to hang them inside your house to prevent new particles from adhering to them.
  • Eat foods rich in omega-three and antioxidants; these will help strengthen your immune system.
  • Clean your air conditioning filters regularly.
  • Avoid objects that can store dust, especially in the bedroom.
  • Vacuum your home frequently if you have pets.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Rhinitis: types, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of Ear, nose and throat .

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