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Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death worldwide, causing more deaths each year because of this than any other. According to data from the World Health Organization, in 2012 17.5 million people died from this cause, which means 31% of the total deaths that were registered in the world. Without a doubt, this is an alarming fact that highlights a health problem directly linked to cardiovascular health. These types of diseases are alterations of the heart and blood vessels that imply some problem in their functioning. Some habits bad lifeThey are responsible, in most cases, that people suffer from heart problems such as arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure, etc. In this FastlyHealarticle we explain which are the cardiovascular risk factors that are often responsible for heart alterations.

Improper diet

Diet has a direct influence on our health, so an inadequate diet is one of the cardiovascular risk factors. A high-fat diet, with fried foods rich in salt and carbonated drinks, contribute to increase the fat in the arterial walls. This causes problems such as high blood pressure and cholesterol, which in the long run can lead to serious problems such as a myocardial infarction .


Hypertensive people are more likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, it is a risk factor that an incorrect diet usually appears along with other factors that we will explain below in this article.

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is one of the disorders that has been most talked about in recent years. It is a fatty substance that accumulates on the walls of the arteries. Food also has a decisive influence. These are some of the foods that increase bad cholesterol .

Physical inactivity

The sedentary lifestyle is part of our lifestyle. We move less and less on our own feet, since we move by public transport, car or motorcycle. Many of the jobs involve sitting for long hours, so it is common for many people to barely exercise all week. Lack of exercise is one of the major cardiovascular risk factors, and has been linked to a sedentary lifestyle with increased cardiovascular mortality.

The solution to sedentary lifestyle lies in educating children to get used to playing sports from a young age. In addition, both adults and children should perform physical activity, although it is not necessary to do great exercises, but to walk regularly, take long walks, go out on a bicycle, etc.

Tobacco and / or alcohol consumption

Studies have shown that smokers have an even 3 times higher risk of cardiovascular disease than non-smokers. Tobacco contains harmful substances that damage the inner walls of the arteries, increase cholesterol levels and affect blood clotting. In addition, it reduces oxygen levels to the heart and promotes thrombosis.

Consuming excess alcohol raises blood pressure, producing hypertension and raises fat levels in the blood . Therefore, it is important to consume alcohol in moderation. In addition, a person who smokes and drinks alcohol frequently will be combining two risk factors, increasing the possibility of suffering from cardiovascular diseases.


Obesity or overweight are often related to a poor diet and physical inactivity. As a consequence, people who are obese or overweight are also more likely to have problems with high cholesterol and high blood pressure . The excessive accumulation of fat in the body produces an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended and is one of the main cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, it is important to try to combat obesity from childhood through good eating habits and exercise.


The diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas fails to produce or produces insufficient insulin, and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. With diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood and damages blood vessels, increasing the possibility of arteriosclerosis , which can greatly increase the risk of heart attack. In people with diabetes over 50 years of age, the death rate is double that of other people. In addition, diabetes also increases the possibility of suffering from cerebrovascular disease.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases , we recommend that you enter our category of Blood, heart and circulation .

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