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Back Muscle Spasms: Causes, Treatment, and Home Remedies

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Perhaps at some point, you have experienced a muscle spasm in your back, probably due to increased tension or muscle tone. This can become really painful and sometimes persistent. It is an ailment that tends to be more frequent around the age of 20 and, above all, in those who bear high loads of tension and athletes.

Generally, muscle spasms in the back are related to exercise or other nerve injuries. If the kink generates persistent pain, we may be in the presence of a contracture, for which a medical evaluation will be necessary for the indication of treatment.

We invite you to continue reading this FastlyHealarticle about muscle spasms in the back: causes, treatment, and home remedies to expand this information.

Muscle spasms in the back: causes

A correct definition of muscle spasms is the painful or non-painful contraction of a muscle or several of them, caused by electrical or mechanical stimulation, by activity or percussion of a muscle, in this case, in the back area.

Muscle spasms are generated by a physiological mechanism that consists of an increase in muscle tension and, consequently, a decrease or shortening of muscle fibers. Likewise, they can be generated by an increase in muscle tone, which usually occurs when the muscle goes from rest to a state of activity abruptly.

Muscle spasms are usually classified into:

  • Those that occur during a physical effort that is, due to sudden movements and prolonged physical activity, lead, in turn, to a decrease in oxygen in the muscle and an increase in glucose concentration, which, later, is transformed into lactic acid and accumulates in the muscle fiber.
  • Those that occur after physical exertion, that is, due to the excess work that the muscle had or due to the extensive stretching of the muscle fiber during activity.
  • Those associated with other injuries, such as nerve injuries. This may be the case of a herniated disc in the spine.

Unfortunately, the body region most affected by muscle spasms is the back, specifically the lower back. Knowing this, we can define the following as the leading causes of muscle spasms in the back:

  1. Intense exercise: when there is an excellent activity for the muscle fiber, especially in the practice of contact sports.
  2. The deficit in blood supply: especially when, for example, during digestion, there is a more excellent blood supply to the digestive system.
  3. Nervous affection: if a nerve is affected, this nerve innervates a specific muscle in the back area.

Likewise, muscle spasms in the back can occur due to:

A muscle spasm is likely to develop into a contracture when the pain increases in intensity and becomes persistent. This can bring with it an increase in blood flow and, consequently, inflammation in the area until this physiological swelling has genuinely disappeared.

Muscle spasms in the back: treatment

You should know that initially, the doctor may suggest the use of treatments for muscle spasms in the back, such as:

  • Pain relievers: including acetaminophen will help relieve pain from a back spasm quickly.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: such as, for example, ibuprofen, helps calm the possible inflammatory process after muscle spasm.
  • Muscle relaxants are necessary to relieve the uncomfortable symptoms of a muscle spasm in the back.
  • Massages: the practice of massages by health professionals favor good blood flow, also serving as an effective natural analgesic.

Home remedies for back muscle spasms

In addition to drug treatment, some home remedies are helpful for muscle spasms, such as:

  • Warm water: ideal for relaxing the muscle that has suffered the spasm; it is simple, practical, and effective. It will be enough to apply a bag or compress impregnated with warm or tolerable hot water to the skin. This promotes blood circulation and decreases muscle tension and inflammation.
  • Rosemary: its infusion helps reduce inflammation of the affected muscle. It is recommended to use it by moistening a cloth and applying it to the area with discomfort. You can also do massages with rosemary oil.
  • Potassium: a deficit in the amount of potassium is proportionally related to severe spasms, so if you have back pain due to this, the best recommendation we can give you is that you increase the consumption of foods rich in potassium, such as, for example, the banana.
  • Apple cider vinegar: among the many properties that apple cider vinegar has, we find that it is highly effective in removing muscle spasms and the pain they cause. It is also perfect for relieving muscle tension. Apply compresses impregnated with apple cider vinegar and leave them on for thirty minutes.
  • Ice: ice cubes are a potent anti-inflammatory for any body area. Wrap some ice cubes in a towel, and place them on the affected area for 15 minutes 3 times a day until it is completely gone.
  • Lavender oil: a very beneficial oil for treating muscle spasms, as it has relaxing properties on any part of the body. Apply lavender oil to your back and massage until absorbed.
  • Rest: at least for the first three days, physical rest will be necessary.
  • Raise your legs: this reduces the pressure generated on the back. Ideally, it would help if you did it on the ground and with your knees raised to 90º.
  • Finally, stretching exercises will act favorably on the muscle fibers, gradually relieving pain.

Despite being quite annoying, this ailment usually subsides a few days after the correct application of pharmacological treatment or after the use of some home remedies. If not, do not hesitate to be evaluated by your GP.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Muscle spasms in the back: causes, treatment, and home remedies , we recommend that you enter our Bones, Joints and Muscles category .

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