Cerebral hypoxia is when the brain is not receiving enough oxygen to function correctly. In other words, it is defined as hypoxia at a low level of oxygen that becomes deficient for the body tissues. This differs from hypoxemia since, in the latter, it refers to the low amount of oxygen that moves in the blood, which can bring various symptoms and disorders.
Despite the above, hypoxia may be due to hypoxemia; however, other causes can cause it. Although hypoxia can affect the entire body, it is also possible that only one organ or one sector is involved, so the brain is one of the most critical cases. More excellent care must be taken.
If you are interested in knowing more about this topic, in the following FastlyHealarticle, you will find the best information on cerebral hypoxia: causes, symptoms, and treatment.
Table of Contents
Brain hypoxia: causes
There are numerous medical conditions and various factors that can interrupt the flow of oxygen to the brain, all representing a dangerous situation for the person’s health. Among the most frequent causes of this alteration are the following:
- Having cardiac arrhythmias, that is difficulties with the rhythm of the heart.
- Have cardiac arrest
- Have a stroke .
- Have low blood pressure or hypotension.
- Having cerebral palsy
- Having complications caused by general anesthesia.
- Being a drug addict and overdosing.
- By drowning.
Despite this, other less common causes can still cause brain hypoxia, for example:
- That the subject has inhaled smoke, as would happen in a fire.
- By suffocation.
- Getting intoxicated with carbon monoxide.
- Having paralysis of the muscles that allow breathing, for example, suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) .
- Finding yourself at a great height.
- Increased flushing.
- Have pressure on the windpipe.
Cerebral hypoxia: symptoms
There are various symptoms of cerebral hypoxia, and some indicate the severity of the condition; it is essential to know how to detect them and go to the doctor immediately. When it comes to a mild degree of it, the most common symptoms are made up of:
- Distraction, there are changes in the level of attention.
- The patient’s movements are not coordinated.
- The capacity for discretion deteriorates, so many believe they lose their sanity.
When cerebral hypoxia is severe, the symptoms that can be experienced are:
- The patient may fall into a coma, unconscious, and unable to react.
- There is no response from the pupil of your eye.
- There may be shortness of breath.
Treatment for brain hypoxia
Cerebral hypoxia is a disorder that constitutes an emergency for which immediate treatment is needed since its objective will be based on restoring the arrival of oxygen to the brain. In this way, the existing risk of severe brain damage or death is significantly reduced depending on the time it takes to achieve this goal.
Although the treatment will always depend on the cause of the hypoxia, cardiopulmonary resuscitation is essential, however fundamental it may be. Among the most common methods, treatment may include medical assistance for mechanical ventilation, keeping the heart rate and rhythm under control, giving drugs or fluids to increase blood pressure, and various cures to calm the heart. seizures
On the other hand, on some occasions, the patient’s body temperature is lowered to decrease the activity of the cells and, consequently, their need for oxygenation; however, this method does not offer conclusive results as an essential treatment for cerebral hypoxia.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.