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Symptoms of dog bite rabies in humans

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Rabies is a deadly virus spread through the saliva of infected animals. This virus is usually inoculated through a bite. Once a person begins to show signs and symptoms of rabies, the disease is almost always fatal. For this reason, anyone who is at risk of contracting the disease should be vaccinated immediately to be protected. In this FastlyHealarticle, we explain the symptoms of rabies in humans due to dog bites.

What is rabies, and how is it spread

Rabies is a deadly disease. It is caused by a rhabdovirus of the genus Lyssavirus, type 1. The condition is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals. Transmission occurs when these animals bite another animal or a person. Although rare, it has happened that this virus is spread through infected saliva that enters an open wound or mucous membranes, such as the mouth or eyes. This could occur if an infected animal licks an open cut in its skin.

Symptoms of dog bite rabies in humans

With adequate sanitary conditions, it is sporadic for dogs to transmit the disease in first-world countries since there are generally strict vaccination controls. Also, stray dogs are removed from the streets to avoid contact people.

The opposite happens in third-world countries, where many dogs swarm the streets without control. In these countries, the incidence of dog bite rabies is highest.

We have already said that the appearance of symptoms is an indication that the death of the patient is imminent, so it is essential to take preventive measures, especially if you are exposed to stray dogs.

When a mad dog bites a person, there is no way to know if the animal has transmitted the rabies virus to him. For this reason, treatment is recommended to prevent the rabies virus from infecting you. The rabies virus is in its incubation period for one to three months and does not produce any symptoms.

Then the first symptoms of rabies begin to appear in humans that are very similar to those of the flu and can last for many days. After this stage, they usually appear:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Hyperactivity
  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Excessive salivation
  • Hydrophobia (fear of water), produced by difficulty in swallowing
  • Hallucinations
  • Insomnia
  • Partial paralysis

This period of illness can last from 2 to 7 days and is characterized by the attack of the virus on the brain. At this point, patient mortality is 99.9%. Rabies is only treated in the first phase of the disease when it is asymptomatic. The final phase lasts between one and ten days, in which the patient falls into a coma and finally dies.

What to do when a dog is bitten?

If you have been bitten by a dog known to have rabies, you must go immediately to a healthcare center. Indeed, you will receive a series of vaccines to prevent the rabies virus from infecting you. If the animal that bit you cannot be found, it will be safer to assume that it had rabies, but this will depend on several factors such as the type of animal and the situation in which the bite occurred.

It is also essential that you clean the wound with plenty of soap and water to help eliminate the virus. When you arrive at the hospital, you will most likely be given a fast-acting injection called rabies immunoglobulin. Part of this injection is provided very close to the site where the animal bit you to prevent the virus from infecting you.

If the animal that bit you is captured, this can help determine whether or not you need vaccinations. The doctor should then contact the local health department to decide what to do with the animal.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Symptoms of rabies in humans due to dog Bites, we recommend that you enter our Immune system category.

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