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Stroke: causes, symptoms and consequences

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

stroke damages a part of the brain due to blood interruption. It appears suddenly and is difficult to predict, although there are some techniques to know if someone will have an imminent stroke. Older people are more likely to have a stroke, although it can also occur in younger people less frequently. We can differentiate between two types of Stroke: hemorrhagic and ischemic. Their consequences can range from loss of movement of particular body parts and visual disturbances to alterations in sensitivity and language. At FastlyHealwe will explain the causes, symptoms, and consequences of Stroke.

Causes of Stroke

Strokes can occur mainly due to two causes that allow us to differentiate their origin:

  • Ischemic Stroke. This type of Stroke occurs when an artery is obstructed, preventing the blood supply to a part of the brain. If this situation is prolonged, what is known as a cerebral infarction occurs, and it means that the brain tissue has already died. The obstruction can be caused by thrombosis, a clot that develops in the cerebral blood vessel, or caused by an embolism, in which the clot forms in another part of the body and is pumped by the heart until it blocks the blood vessel.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke. In this case, a ruptured blood vessel causes bleeding in the brain that interrupts sufficient oxygen delivery to the brain. When blood comes into contact with the brain, it compresses the brain tissue. The rupture of the blood vessel can occur within the brain or on its surface. If it occurs within the brain, the cause is usually hypertension of the artery, which ruptures, causing bleeding. When bleeding occurs on the brain’s surface, the reason may be an aneurysm, which occurs when there is a weakened part of a blood vessel that is eventually ruptured or by a bump or fall that causes ahead injury l. This type of Stroke usually leads to more severe problems.

Symptoms of a stroke

Typically, stroke symptoms are detectable just before it occurs. Some way to detect a stroke is by observing the following symptoms:

  • Loss of strength in an arm or leg on the same side.
  • Speech disorders . Suppose there are problems communicating, such as changes in syllables in words, difficulty expressing themselves and understanding things, etc.
  • Loss of sensation on one side of the face. This can be detected when laughing since one side of the mug remains immobile.

Other symptoms that may be experienced in the event of a stroke may be:

  • Vision loss or blurred vision.
  • Loss of memory.
  • Express slowed down behavior.
  • Accelerated behavior.

Because of the symptoms expressed above, it is precise that we can know if a stroke will occur, and we must act quickly by asking for medical attention. The Cincinnati scale consists of 3 basic checks:

  • Smiling. It will allow us to verify that there is no facial paralysis.
  • Talk . Ask questions, such as the description of an object, to assess the ability to speak and express oneself.
  • Raise arms and legs to rule out a loss of strength in these limbs.

Consequences of having a stroke

When a person has a stroke, they can suffer different consequences depending on the damage that has occurred in the brain:

  • When a person suffers a stroke, it is common for them to suffer from movement problems, which usually result in loss of strength, lack of coordination, or control. It is recommended to strengthen the muscles and balance since this loss of movement usually causes falls.
  • Language disorders . The person may have problems like understanding or getting across a message, known as aphasia. When the difficulty lies in formulating the words, we refer to dysarthria, and if the person is unable to develop a comment, it is called autism.
  • Vision disorders . A partial loss of vision can occur, which is known as hemianopia. Specific training must be carried out to regain vision.
  • Sensitivity disorder . Changes in sensitivity may manifest, such as tingling, lack of touch, etc. These alterations occur in one part of the body and tend to be accompanied by loss of movement.
  • Cognitive problems . Stroke can leave mental sequelae, such as loss of memory and concentration, as well as the ability to organize.
  • Psychological problems . It is widespread for depression to appear during the recovery period, anxiety, listlessness and irritability, and other issues that influence the person’s mood.

Some factors may be related to having a stroke.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Stroke: causes, symptoms and consequences, we recommend that you enter our Brain and Nerves category .

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