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Low folic acid: causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Folic acid is a type of vitamin B, specifically vitamin B9, essential for the body to function correctly. Folic acid is necessary for health because it allows the body to create new cells. Especially in the case of pregnant women, it is an essential vitamin as it helps prevent congenital disabilities in the fetus.

Folic acid deficiency is undoubtedly a condition we must pay close attention to because it can trigger secondary problems resulting in significant diseases. To know more about low folic acid, causes, symptoms, and treatment, read this article by FastlyHealcarefully.

What is folic acid for

Folic acid or folate fulfills many vital functions in the body’s processes, such as:

  • It prevents babies from being born with congenital deformities.
  • It is involved in forming red blood cells, which are responsible for transporting oxygen to the body’s tissues.
  • It strengthens the immune system by promoting cell division.
  • It favors the liver’s detoxification, thus allowing the body to purify fats and toxins.
  • It prevents some types of cancer such as breast, colon, pancreatic and rectal cancer.
  • It favors the health of the intestinal tract and improves digestion.
  • It helps to improve high blood pressure .

Low folic acid: complications

The folate deficiency can cause side effects in the body that compromise the health of the same. Some consequences of having low folic acid are:

  • Anemia . Folic acid is involved in producing red blood cells, which are made in the bone marrow and contain hemoglobin, a substance rich in iron that helps transport oxygen to the tissues. Folic acid deficiency affects the production of red blood cells, which can trigger anemia: low values ​​of hemoglobin and red blood cells.
  • In the pregnant woman . Folic acid deficiency in pregnant women is extremely careful since babies can develop spina bifida or malformations in brain development. Also, folic acid is essential for the child to grow correctly. The following article shows all the benefits of folic acid in pregnancy.
  • When a person has folate deficiency anemia, the red blood cells grow excessively in size, known as megaloblastic.

Causes of low folic acid or folate deficiency

  • Diseases that prevent the proper absorption of nutrients include celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.
  • Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages or alcoholism.
  • Consumption of highly cooked vegetables causes the folate or folic acid to be destroyed in the heat.
  • Hemolytic anemia.
  • Some medications
  • Renal dialysis .
  • Poor diet and low consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Symptoms of folate deficiency or low folic acid

  • Irritability, tiredness, fatigue.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Growth problems or insufficient growth.
  • Smooth and sensitive tongue.

Low folic acid treatment

A person with folate deficiency should see a doctor to find out the cause of the loss of vitamin B9 and treat this condition. Similarly, the specialist may prescribe a folic acid multivitamin to restore folate levels in the body and thus improve symptoms while preventing other complications.

Diet is essential to treat low folic acid, as food contains many vitamins. There are foods rich in folic acid that cannot be absent from any diet; some of them are:

  • Citrus fruits.
  • Beans and legumes.
  • Liver.
  • Green vegetables such as watercress, lettuce, and asparagus.
  • Bird meat.
  • Wheat bran.

Other B vitamins

In addition to folic acid, other B vitamins are also essential for our physical and emotional health. The vitamins in this complex are necessary for maintaining optimal health of the nerves, eyes, skin, mouth, liver, and gastrointestinal tract. A lack of vitamin B can cause, among other things, sleep disorders, fatigue, depression, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, headaches, hair loss, bad-looking skin, and an increased risk of being overweight.

In the following article about the B vitamins, you can find out about all the types that exist, what are their main benefits and in what food sources they are found.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Low Folic Acid: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend that you enter our Blood, Heart and Circulation category .

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