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Hip synovitis in adults: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

It is known as synovitis to an irritation or inflammation in the synovial membrane, which has the function of covering the joints. This membrane is responsible for generating a liquid known as synovial fluid, whose main objective is to reduce friction between cartilage and various tissues to prevent wear in the area and certain injuries and disorders.

When talking about hip synovitis, it refers to a pathology in which an inflammation develops in the joint that joins the pelvis and the femur, which is the leg bone, and generates conditions similar to those of arthritis. This disease can occur in children or older people, so at FastlyHealwe provide you with all the information about hip synovitis in adults: treatment .

Causes of inflammation in the synovium

Hip synovitis in adults can be aseptic or infectious:

  • In aseptic synovitis the inflammation of the synovial fluid is sterile and there is no pathogenic microflora
  • However, infectious synovitis can be caused by different factors such as some autoimmune or systemic pathology, such as rheumatoid arthritis or vasculitis, by allergic reactions, metabolic disorders, endocrine alterations, by anatomical structures, by transgression of the integrity of the hip membrane for various reasons, including a fracture, blow or dislocation, and can be caused by neurogenic diseases such as neurosis or neuritis.

In addition to the above, there are certain groups of risks that make people more prone to suffer from synovitis not only in the hip, but in any part of the body. For instance:

  • People who consume alcohol excessively
  • Those who suffer from chronic kidney failure
  • Arterial hypertension or various pathologies

For this reason, it is essential to carry out frequent checks, especially if you are aware that you have a disease.

Main signs of synovitis

The main symptom of hip synovitis is pain in the joint in this area of ​​the body, which can affect one or both sides, both at rest and performing light daily activities, for example, when walking or climbing stairs. At the beginning of the pathology, the discomfort is usually mild, but will increase as the disease progresses, causing an impediment to carry out a normal daily life.

On the other hand, an increase in temperature at the joint level is frequent , in addition to suffering from hypersensitivity in the compromised area and joint swelling , since it considerably increases the existing fluid in it as a defense measure. Likewise, it is possible that there is a reduction in the limit of joint movement , which in the most severe cases can be completely blocked, and contractions of the fibers of the muscles that appear spontaneously.

Synovitis: drug treatment

Treatment for hip synovitis in adults will depend on the cause and the doctor’s considerations. It can choose to prescribe various drugs nonsteroidal antiinflammatory to reduce inflammation and discomfort generated by it.

In addition, hormonal treatment may be needed , which is generally recommended in severe cases and can be given by tablets or injections at the site of the disorder. The antibiotics are also an option if it is a disorder in the articulation of an infectious nature by bacterial agents.

The inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes are highly recommended for introduction into the articular cavity of the hip and, thus, reach prevent complications. The specialist can also offer trophic drugs to considerably improve circulation in the area to be treated and regularize the metabolic process or other drugs to strengthen the body’s defenses.

Hip synovitis: natural treatment

To complete the treatment of synovitis with drugs, physical therapy can be used , the objective of which is to reduce pain, inflammation and prevent the muscles and the damaged joint from losing their strength and mobility. In general, the specialist could start by applying cold to the hip joint to relax the area and later use an electrostimulation device, which uses electricity to stimulate muscle contraction and repair any damage. Finally, applying warm, moist compresses helps relieve pain and improve blood flow, which reduces joint stiffness.

Although rest is very important, when the symptoms have been reduced it is also necessary to do some massages and stretching exercises , which should be indicated and performed under the supervision of the physiotherapist, being essential not to self-medicate as it could worsen the situation. It begins with light movements that include passive stretching exercise to stretch the muscle fibers and promote relaxation and mobility in the area. On the other hand, active stretching exercises are carried out to achieve muscle contraction and regain strength and flexibility of the joint.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Hip Synovitis in Adults: Treatment , we recommend that you enter our Bones, Joints and Muscles category .

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