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Dysmenorrhea: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Many women experience very strong and intermittent cramp-like pain in the lower abdomen when their period arrives. These discomforts can also appear in the back and cause headaches. Although it is expected that there are different pains during menstruation when it becomes very intense, it is not, and this, in medical terms, is known as Dysmenorrhea.

Popularly called painful menstruation, Dysmenorrhea is usually very intense, causing an impediment to everyday activities, so you must visit a specialist for proper treatment. Women with this disorder often feel worse during the start of their period, and the pain may be accompanied by diarrhea.

If you want to know more about the subject, FastlyHealwe offers you all the information about Dysmenorrhea: causes and treatment.

Main symptoms of Dysmenorrhea

The most characteristic symptoms of menstrual cramps are intense and continuous discomfort in the lower abdomen or cramps in the area. Frequently, the pain throbs and radiates to the lower back and thighs. Dysmenorrhea can cause nausea and vomiting, runny stools, dizziness, sweating, and migraines.

This disorder is pervasive, and it is considered that 50% of women suffer from it at some point in life. If it appears before 20 years of age, in general, it tends to decrease considerably over time and disappears entirely after the first delivery; However, if you suffer from painful menstruation after the age of 30, the cause is often organic, so it is essential to find the primary pathology that is causing it.

Main symptoms of Dysmenorrhea

Causes of painful menstruation

Significant changes are experienced in the body during the menstrual period, mainly hormonal. The uterus contracts to help expel its lining, and substances called prostaglandins, similar to hormones, cause the uterine muscle to contract. Since prostaglandins are involved in pain and inflammation, a high level of prostaglandins can be closely related to severe menstrual cramps.

This disorder can also be due to others, for example, endometriosis, which is a painful condition characterized by the tissue that lines the uterus is implanted outside of it. Uterine fibroids can also cause Dysmenorrhea, which are non-cancerous growths on the uterus wall, although it is not usually that common.

The women with adenomyosis may also have painful menstruation because, in this condition, the tissue surrounding the uterus grows into the muscular walls of the same. On the other hand, pelvic inflammatory disease, known as PID, is an infection of the reproductive organs and can be one of the causes of Dysmenorrhea.

Another possibility is that the pain in menstruation is caused by the opening of the cervix being very small and preventing the normal flow of the period, usually known as cervical stenosis.

Treatment to relieve Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea is a pathology with numerous possibilities for its treatment, so your doctor may choose to give you non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, called NSAIDs, which are helpful to relieve menstrual cramps. These drugs are usually given one day before your period begins, and you should consume them regularly. However, the professional must indicate the correct way to administer them.

On the other hand, they may recommend hormonal contraceptives since contraceptive pills can help you reduce discomfort thanks to the hormones they have; however, these hormones could also be delivered by injections, skin patches, an implant under the skin, or a flexible ring to be placed in the vagina.

If Dysmenorrhea is caused by an underlying disorder, such as endometriosis or fibroids, the treatment that the professional will offer you is surgical since it is necessary to remove the abnormal tissue, which significantly helps to reduce all the symptoms of painful menstruation.

Risk factors for Dysmenorrhea

Some of the factors that can lead to painful menstruation are:

  • Early-onset of puberty that is, 11 years or younger.
  • Never having had a child.
  • Be under 20 years of age.
  • Menorrhagia that is, heavy bleeding during your period.
  • Irregular bleeding is known as metrorrhagia.
  • Smoke.
  • Family members were suffering from Dysmenorrhea.
  • Very sedentary life.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Dysmenorrhea: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of the Female reproductive system.

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