The menstrual pain, medically known as dysmenorrhea, is a common condition for many women who experience before and during the early days of solid rule cramping and pelvic discomfort whose intensity can be so strong that even other symptoms occur such as nausea, vomiting, headache, and fatigue. This condition, which affects both physically and emotionally, must be addressed. Although a certain amount of pain can be considered normal, suffering from severe discomfort could indicate an underlying condition.
At FastlyHealwe, explain everything you need to know about menstrual pain, its causes, types, and the most frequent treatments.
Table of Contents
Types of dysmenorrhea
It is estimated that between 25 and 50% of women suffer or have suffered menstrual pain during some stage of their life. Depending on the cause of the discomfort, it has simple solutions, disappearing with the use of painkillers in a preventive way or with the intake of contraceptive pills.
There are two types of dysmenorrhea or menstrual pain; depending on which one it is, there are different solutions to take care of them and improve the quality of life of those who suffer from them.
- Primary dysmenorrhea: This usually occurs in adolescents whose menstrual periods are beginning and can last into adulthood. The pain and discomfort may appear 1 or 2 days before starting the rule and end between the first and second day of bleeding. The rest of the menstrual cycle is perfectly normal. This type of menstrual pain usually disappears after 25 or after childbirth.
- Secondary dysmenorrhea: This type of pain occurs in women who have previously had regular periods, generally developing in adulthood and after age 30. The pain is much more intense and frequent and can occur a week before menstruation and last for days after bleeding, even throughout the cycle. Mainly these discomforts happen when there are problems or some condition that affects the uterus or pelvic organs.
Causes of period pain
The causes of menstrual pain will depend on the type of dysmenorrhea present. In the case of primary dysmenorrhea, it is believed that this type of discomfort is related to the activity of the hormone prostaglandin, which is produced in the uterus. Taking painkillers a couple of days before menstruation could help reduce and even end these discomforts.
In the case of secondary dysmenorrhea, the causes of pain are diverse and require a detailed gynecological examination to determine the origin. Among the pathologies that commonly cause this type of discomfort are:
- Uterine fibroids.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Cysts in the ovary.
- Sexually transmitted infections.
- Additionally, it can be triggered by excess stress and tension or by using the IUD.
Treatment for menstrual pain
The treatment for menstrual pain can be very variable and depend basically on the type of condition you counted. In the case of primary dysmenorrhea, treatment usually consists of:
- It took over-the-counter pain relievers a couple of days before the period came and during the two days after the bleeding started. This usually works to neutralize the activity of the prostaglandin hormone, relieving discomfort.
- Using oral contraceptives for 6 to 12 months can also improve, even eliminating the pain after you stop using them.
- They are frequently exercising, especially the week before the period’s arrival, which significantly helps to end the problem.
In the case of patients suffering from secondary dysmenorrhea, the origin of the problem must be found and the appropriate treatment applied for that case. Suppose the discomfort is due to the use of the IUD. Its service can be suspended. Opt for an IUD with progesterone that reduces discomfort during the period or waits one year, when the pains usually remit.
Keys to reduce menstrual cramps
Going to a gynecologist to discharge any underlying condition that causes stomach pain during menstruation is important. Still, we can also consider some recommendations to reduce menstrual pain, especially in the case of primary dysmenorrhea. That’s why at FastlyHealwe suggest you:
- If you have obesity, it is essential to losing weight, as this type of discomfort during menstruation affects overweight women with a greater propensity.
- Frequent physical activity significantly reduces painful periods, also helping to reduce stress, a trigger for this condition. Cardiovascular practices and also relaxing activities such as yoga or Pilates are recommended.
- Increasing the intake of foods rich in calcium, magnesium, and vitamin B6 can also help reduce discomfort.
- Avoid large meals and prefer to eat smaller portions several times a day.
- When pain occurs, hot water compresses applied to the belly, hot baths, and hot drinks can significantly help reduce swelling and discomfort. Lying in a fetal position or elevating your legs can quickly alleviate the pain.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Menstrual pain: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of the Female reproductive system.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.